Jean Piaget's Stages Of Social And Personality Development

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Personality is made up of behaviors, feelings, and thoughts. Social and personality development emerges through the interactions we have with people, our biological influences, and also our understanding of the world, and a sense of who we are as a person. Development does not stop at childhood but continues on throughout adulthood. These three factors are interdependent of one another and do not act alone in the development of social and personality. Besides the genetic contribution to our social and personality development, these are other factors that contribute to an individual’s social and personality development: the type of attachment as a child, the relationships with people we have, temperament and social understanding of emotions, …show more content…
Many theories researchers came up with, have looked at personality development that include: cognitive, social, and moral development. Jean Piaget’s stages of cognitive development studied the way a child thinks in comparison to an adult, however, some aspects of his theory have been criticized. Piaget explained development as stages, and other researchers would say development is continuous. He also failed to consider social, and cultural aspects that influence cognitive development. Sigmund Freud is another researcher who developed, the stages of psychosexual development, and the structural model of personality. The psychosexual development theory that focuses on how social relationships influence personality throughout life. Freud’s second theory describes the id, ego, and superego and how these three aspects affect an individual’s behavior. However, his theories were based on his work with troubled adults and he never worked with children and seemed to focus more on sexuality. His theories did not include environmental, social and cultural factors that impact an individual’s personality. Another researcher by the name of Erik Erickson developed the stages of psychosocial development theory. This theory does consider the social relationships in the development of personality throughout life but, this does not completely explain …show more content…
Cognitive and social development are constructed by the representations of experiences we have in our mind that we create (Dunlea 2015). The culture and society influences an individual’s values. Through culture, we learn how to act and what is expected of us. Experiences and interactions with family, friends, teachers, peers, and others impact the development of self. Cooley (1902) the looking-glass self-explains how society becomes a mirror, and this mirror reflects the individual back in their society. This just means what we think of ourselves, it depends on what we think others think of us. An individual will progressively recognize the positive and negative opinions people have on themselves (Dunlea 2015). These feelings are internalized as part of our personality and change the perspective of an individual’s sense of self. For example, the oldest child in the family who helps out the family by doing chores and taking care of their younger siblings is considered a kind and caring older sister or brother. This positive experience is reflected back on the individual’s

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