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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

what is a regime?

the general form of government of a state including its constitution and rules of government

what is a democracy?

a regime in which all fully qualified citizens vote at regular intervals to choose the people who will be in charge of setting the state's policies, "government of the people"

what a is an authoritarian democracy?

where we are not really sure whether there is enough democracy in the system to merit the name

what is the democratic bargain?

each group accepts the policies in the end, but hopes that they will get something that they want out of it

what is the third wave?

the set of three waves of democratization

when was the first wave of democratization?

following world war 1

when was the second wave?

following world war 2

when was the third wave?

started in the late 1970s following the reintroduction of democracy to Spain and Portugal

what are the 3 possible explanations for democratization at this point in history?

1. authoritarian systems became tired and lost support

2. international pressure on non-dem. regimes to change

3. the desire for human rights and security against abuse and economic failure

what is agent- centric explanation?

looking at the actors involved and their strategic decisions in order to analyze an event; it puts individuals' choices to the forefront ("agency")

what is a pact in democratization?

making an agreement with the people who are being ousted so that the transition can be smooth and so that they will have a good base of support

how do sudden changes to democratization occur?

as higher probability of success of democratization draws near more people "out themselves" and become supportive of democracy

what are crisis transitions?

when democratization occurs as a result of an economic crisis or other crisis

what is the authoritarian system?

a state in which those who hold power in the government are not formally responsible in their exercise of power to the broad citizenry of the state aka non democracy

what are for examples of an authoritarian system?


2. Burma

3. Saudi Arabia

4. Dem. Republic of Congo (Zaire)

what is a military government?

a government in which a group of officers use their troops to take over the governmental apparatus and tun it themselves

what is another name for a military government?

a coup

what are issues with military governments?

1. legitimacy

2. leaders are typically not qualified

3. there is no clear succession of power

4. they are solely united on their opposition to the regime

what are one party states?

a government that supports on political party and therefore that party is the only party allowed in the state

why are one party states more successful than military governments?

1. more likely to embrace social groups

2. can provide a way for varied political positions to turn into factions

3. transition of leadership is smoother

what are monarchies?

a system where power to rule is inherited through descent in a family

what are theocracies?

a state ruled buy religious leaders