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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

-“who gets what, when, and how”
-“authoritative allocation of values”


the institution that has the authority to make decisions that are binding on everyone


the authority to legally weild this coercive power to allocate values


the power to authoritatively allocate values can be vested in a single person


power can be vested in a small group of people


broadly share power among all citizens


a distribution of political power; power belongs to all citizens

Popular Sovereignty

the government follows the course of action preferred by most people

Majority Rule

50% plus 1 of all eligible citizens

Absolute Majority

50% plus 1 of those who vote

Simple Majority

if choices are divided among 3 or more courses of action so that none have more than 50%, the choice with the greatest support


any group numerically inferior to the majority, and it retains the full rights of democratic citizenship

Minority Rights

individual preferences are given equal weight

Political Equality

means all citizens have the same opportunities to influence the process of deciding who gets what

Popular Sovereignty

participation in influencing governmental decisions

Equality Under the Law

the idea that people should be free of class or social barriers and discrimination

Social Equality

means that each individual should receive the same amount of material goods regardless of his or her contribution to society

Economic Equality

meaning the right of all people to develop their abilities to the fullest extent

Equality of the Opportunity

citizens are the principal political decision makers

Direct Democracy

elections where citizens vote on policy decisions

Initiative and Referendums

a system of government where ordinary citizens do not make governmental decisions themselves but choose public officials-representatives of the people-to make decisions for them

Representative Democracy

the rule of law and a constitution constrain elected representatives and the will of the majority from using their power to take away the rights of minorities

Liberal Democracy

a consistent set of values, attitudes, and beliefs about the appropriate role of government in society; helps people figure out what they do and do not support


a psychological attachment to a political party


the tendency of people to believe their views are "normal" or "common sense" and therefore shared by most people

False Consensus

power is fragmented and distributed widely among diverse groups and interests


organized, influential minorities-checked neither by one another nor by the general populace-dominate the political process


the academic discipline dedicated to the study of Politics, and it is the job of political scientists to explain the how and hwy of the authoritative allocation of values-who gets what and why

Political Science