The Differences And Similarities Between Sociology And Political Science

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Nature of political science as a discipline has transformed and changed over a period of time. The change from politics to political systems, government to governance and political reasons to social determinants took place over the period of time. This transformation in political science did not occur in isolation from society. The changes in contemporary globalised and interconnected world essentially reflected in the changes in scope and nature of the discipline. Political science is not only shifted its focus but subsequently refined its concepts and approaches towards becoming more of typical social science intellectual discipline in its orientation and approach. Though the historical roots may be deeper, cold war period make political …show more content…
It is said that the disciplines of Sociology and Political Science are closely interwoven in their analysis of power, authority structures, administration and governance, and governance. Similarities between sociology and political science are many. Firstly political science relies heavily upon sociology for its basic theories and methods. For example in mid 20th century Michigen social psychologists and Parsonians at Harward significantly shaped political science agendas in political behaviour and political development respectively. Secondly, focal specialities in both the discipline borrowed from similar third party disciplines such as economics, history, anthropology and psychology. Thirdly, a large number of scholars such as Marx, Weber, Gramsci, Pareto and Mosca, etc. equally contribute to the growth and development of both the …show more content…
It is in this sense that we can say that Almond Coleman’s The Politics of Developing Areas (1960) and Rajni Kothari’s Politics in India (1970) are earlier examples of growing political Sociology. Resultantly, political sociology which is basically an outcome of intersection between sociology and political science, is relatively a newer branch of sociology, studies various political intuitions, groups and power dynamics in society. Political sociology, which we would elaborate in later section in this unit, also studies interest groups, political parties, administrative and bureaucratic behaviour, social legislations, state policies, reforms and political ideologies as its areas of the

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