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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The study of abnormal conditions
Define Etiology
Causative factors of disease
What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic?
Intrisic is from inside, like genetics or hormones. Extrinsic is outside, like cigarettes
What are examples of risk factors?
Genetics, immune system, lifestyle, age, stress, pre-exhisting conditions
Define Sequela
A conditions happens due to disease
Define Atrophy
Define Hypertrophy
An inlargement of the individual cells leading to an increase in size of the tissue or organ. Think of the muscle man.
An increase in the number or cells in a tissue or organ. Like when you move to altitude.
One cell turns into another cell and then can go back.
The creation of abnormal cells from normal cells
What is another name for Free Radicals?
What are some risk factors of oral cancer?
Smoking, chewing tobacco, alcohol, excessive UV
What is the most common site for cancer on the tongue?
The lateral border
Where else other than the tongue might you see cancer?
Vermillion Boarder, and the floor of the mouth are most common.
If you find a varrient of normal when performing the IO/EO what do you do?
Document, document, document! Take pictures and note the charts, possibly refer.
What types of questions do you ask for a varrient of normal?
Has the lesion changed? Did you know you had it? Is it causing pain? Be sure to dialog with your patient.
How would you measure a lesion?
Use your probe.
Pus filled lesion
>5mm and not fluid filled
<5mm and not fluid filled
<5mm and not fluid filled
Sessile base
No defined base of the lesion
A raised lesion connected by a narrow stem
A raised lesion connected by a narrow stem
Covers a broad area, looks painted on, flat surface
Covers a broad area, looks painted on, flat surface
Tissue looks "angry", is wearing away
Tissue looks "angry", is wearing away
What is Differential Diagnosis
Playing detective to find the probable cause of a disease. The goal is to establish a definitive diagnosis.
What is the process of differential diagnosis?
Describe the abnormality. Determine a list of similar diseases. Eliminate. Rank what is most or least possible. Decide what additional info may be necessary.
What is Leukoedema?
It looks like you're looking through a fogged mirror. African American prevalence. When you stretch the tissue is disappears. No TX!
What is a Lingual Thyroid Nodule?
Thyroid tissue that never descends. Its more prevalent in Females. TX may involve a referral as PT may have items caught in the nodule or there may be Thyroid issues.
How would you TX Hairy Tongue?
Brush/scrape the tongue, use an antimicrobial rinse.
Brush/scrape the tongue, use an antimicrobial rinse.
What is Epidemiology?
Those who are susceptible to a condition or disease
What is Pathogenesis?
The progression of the disease
Excessively moveable tissue in the MX or MN, from an increase of normal cells.