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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is mean by SMART objectives?
Why is the distinction between hazards and risks so important to H&S management?
Hazards will always exist, usually not possible to eliminate them. Risk can be controlled and reduced. This is the central point of H&S management.
State the purpose and objectives of risk assessment.
The aim is to eliminate hazards or reduce risk to an accepable level. The objectives are to prevent personal injury and ill-health. To achieve legal compliance and reduce costs associated with losses.
What do accident triangles show?
Relationship between number of accidents with different outcomes. Ratio of number of events with no significant outcome to events with minor outcome to events with very serious outcome.
What techniques are used to identify hazards?
Inspection, job/task analysis, analysis of incident data, examination of legislative requirements, examination of manufacturer's information.
What are the 5 categories of a health hazard?
State the 5 steps involved in a risk assessment.
Identify hazards.
Decide who may be harmed and how.
Evaluate risks and decide on precautions.
Record findings and implement them.
Review assessment and update if necessary.
Apart from operators, what staff groups require special consideration during a risk assessment?
Maintenance staff, cleaners, young workers, lone workers, new and expectant mothers and disabled staff.
What factors are used to evaluate risk?
The likelihood of harm occurring and the severity of that harm.
What is residual risk?
The level of risk remaining after the application of safety precautions.
State 3 principles which underlie the order of the general control hierarchy.
Elimination of the hazard using physical or engineering controls to reduce the risk at source, control of the person by job design, management or, as a last resort, PPE.
What conditions may trigger a risk assessment review?
Changes in legislation, change in work practices and processes, new machinery/equipment, new information, recurring accidents or ill-health, enforcement action, results of monitoring, employment of a category of personnel, e.g. disabled.
When should PPE be used?
When it's not possible to eliminate hazard or reduce risk by the use of engineering controls, working methods or admin controls. PPE is a last resort.
Identify 2 internal sources of info about H&S.
Accident records, medical records, risk assessments, maintenance reports, joint inspections with safety reps., audits, surveys, sampling and tours, safety committee meeting minutes.
Identify 2 external sources of info about H&S.
National legislation, safety data sheets from manufacturers, codes of practice and guidance notes, manufactures maintenance manuals, national/international standards, journals and magazines.
Define a safe system of work.
Formal procedure which results from a systematic examination of the tasks of a work process to identify all the hazards and define methods of working which eliminate hazards or minimise risks.
How does involving employees in a development of safe systems at work contribute to strengthening the safety culture?
They gain a deeper understanding of hazards and risks and the way that safe systems of work will minimise those risks. Also encourages ownership of key controls by employees involved in their development.
What is the difference between technical, procedural and behavioural controls?
Technical are applied directly to the hazard in order to minimise risk. Procedural define the way in which work should be carried out in relation to the hazard. Behavioural define how individuals or groups must act in relation to the hazard.
Why do instruction, training and supervision form a part of safe systems of work?
Because only people who have been given appropriate training and instruction should be allowed to undertake the work. Supervision is necessary to ensure staff follow their instruction and training.
What is a permit to work?
Formal documents specifying work to be done, hazards and precautions. Work only starts when safe procedures have been put in to place. Clear, written record signed by responsible manager/supervisor that all hazards have been considered and actions been taken. In possession of the person in charge.
4 key elements of a typical permit to work.
Issue, receipt, clearance/ return to service and cancellation
General principles of prevention.
Control hazards at source rather than taking measures to control risk in the wider work place. Giving priority to collective, protective measures over individual protective measures.