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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
human breast milk is about how many calories per ounce?
20 calories per ounce
would an infant on formula or breast milk require more frequent feedings?
Breast milk, because it is digested quicker and more easily than formula
hormones of lactation that promote maternal feelings and sense of well-being
oxytocin and prolactin
generally speaking, how is breast milk different than formula?
The contents of breast milk change to conform to the infants needs over time
how often should breast-fed babies be fed?
About every three hours, eight times a day
why do breast-fed babies tend to be healthier?
Because IgA is transferred through breast milk, and this protects their GI, GU, and respiratory systems
five days after delivery, about how many diapers will need changing a 24-hour period?
6 to 8
describe the color change of the newborns stools
stools will lighten from very dark to a yellow color
is it common for babies to be allergic to breast milk?
No... this is a very rare occurrence
which hormone initiates milk production?
this hormone initiates milk ejection or “let-down”?
how many stages of breast milk are there? What are they?
Colostrum, transitional milk, mature milk
this is a thick creamy yellow, rich in protein, minerals, and vitamins
what is colostrum
this is thinner, and a lighter yellow
transitional milk
this is a bluish white
mature milk
________ in breast milk plays a role in myelination and neurologic development
infant benefits of breast-feeding include a reduced risk of…
type I or type II diabetes mellitus, lymphoma, leukemia, and Hodgkin’s disease, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, asthma, bacteremia, allergies
maternal physical benefits of breast-feeding…
stimulation of oxytocin contracts the uterus which reduces bleeding after delivery, more rapid uterine involution, burns additional calories, and decreases maternal risk of developing cancer and postmenopausal osteoporosis
maternal psychosocial benefits of breast-feeding…
improved attachment, tactile communication, increased prolactin increases feelings of relaxation and euphoria, increases in oxytocin heightens responsiveness and receptivity toward the infant.
Disadvantages to breast-feeding
pain due to nipple tenderness, leaking milk, perceptions about diet restrictions- can eat usual diet
if a mother is on short-term medication and wants to breast-feed after finishing, what should she do to allow her to do this?
Pump and dump
what are some infant feeding cues?
Rooting behaviors, sucking motion, hand swiping movements, increased activity
how much weight does an infant gain in one day
1 ounce of weight gain per day
as far as growth patterns are concerned, is length or weight more important?
what if, during the first 3 to 4 days of life, the infant loses weight?
This is perfectly normal… formula fed babies will lose 3 to 4%, while breast-fed can lose as much as 7%
about what day will the baby stop losing weight and start gaining weight?
Day five
what position should a woman who vaginally delivered holding the baby in for feeding?
the Cradle or ”tummy to tummy” position, rotating sides
what is a good position for a woman who had a C-section to hold her baby?
The football hold, or the side-lying hold
what is important to remember when the baby seems to want more feeding, more frequently?
infants experience growth spurts and they require more food for energy… breast-feeding mother's should nurse more frequently, and formula feeding mothers should slightly increase the amount of feeding.