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40 Cards in this Set

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voluntary consent to participate in research, informed consent to participate, protection of privacy and confidentiality, right to withdraw w/o penalt
belmont report/ respect for persons
an obligation to secure the well being of the research subject, use the best possible research design to maximize benefits and minimize harms
beneficenc in the belmont report
ensure the researchers are able to perform the procedures and handle the risks and prohibits research w/o a favorable benefit/harm analysis
belmont report beneficence
treat people fairly; design research so that benefits and burdens are shared equitably
justice in the belmont report
select subjects equitable and avoid exploitation of vulnerable population or populations of convince
justice of the belmont report
thomas percival, father of modern medical professional ethics, published his code of medical ethics when
1803
the emphasized professional etiquette, temperance and steady hand
thomas percival code of medical ethics
in 1847 this established minimum education standards in an attempt to exclude members trained in other approaches to medical care
Code of American Medical Association
what is capacity
the ability to make a decision
what is competence
the legal determination of the ability to make a decision
composed of Jus ad bellum, Jus in bello and Jus post bellum
the just war theory
war is between states, individuals are enemies only by accidents as soldiers
Rousseau
the olyl source of war is politics, the intercourse of governments and peoples.
clauewitz
war is simply a continuation of political intercourse, with the addition of other means.
clauewitz
decisions to forego a particular treatment are best evaluated using the benefits/burdens test. This is done from whose perpective?
the patient's
do the benefits of the treatment outweigh the cost/harm to the patient
benefits vs burdens tst
Name the model of justification
deductivism, inductivism, coherentism
top down, an appeal to a higher level of authority, to covering, a more general norm
deductivism
bottom up. ethical principles are embedded in society's moral traditions
inductivism
we reason from particular instances to general statements or positions
inductivism
one builds moral theories that are coherent with the premises of the theory
coherentism
reflective equilibrium
coherentism
refers to fair, equitable and appropriate distribution in society determined by justified norms that structure the terms of social cooperation
distributive justice
parent, figter, technician, teacher and covenanter
description of a health care provider
name the professional virtues in healthcare
compassion, discernment, trustworthiness, integrity, conscientiousness
active regard for another's welfare combined with a response of sympathy
compassion
insight combined with acute judgement leading to decisive action
discernment
belief and confident reliance on the ability and moral character of another
trustworthiness
knowing who you are, what you believe and standing firm under attack
integrity
motivated and acts on the right thing after due deliberation to determine the right
conscientiousness
irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions. irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain, including the brain stem
uniform determination of death act legally defines death
violation of a right
unjustified action against a right
infringement of a right
justified action overriding a right
positive right
entitlement: a right to positive actions of others
negative right
a right to other person
s omissions or forbearances
name kohlbers 6 stages of moral development
avoiding punishment, securing rewards, concern for approval, obey laws, social contract, universal ethical principles
name the principles for working with the psychiatrically ill
acknowledge conflicting obligations, be no judgemental, validate some aspect of the patient's views, give choices, see patient as always responding, recognize counter transference feeling try to involve patient's families
what is the updated medical emblems
a red medical emblem (red cross, red crescent) with a rhombus around it is now internationally recognized
list the methods of disclosing information to patients
what a reasonable physician standard, reasonable patient standard, subjective standard
what would a typical physician say about this intervention
reasonable physician standard