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47 Cards in this Set

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You are a consultant charged with the responsibility of deploying a computer network to a new dental office. The dentist would like you to install a Windows Server 2012 R2 computer to store data for the office network, which is not expected to grow beyond a maximum of 10 computers including the server. The dentist wants to keep deployment costs as low as possible. Which edition of Windows Server 2012 R2 should you recommend?

Windows Server 2012 R2 Foundation

Windows Server 2012 R2 Foundation is capable of supporting up to 15 computers and is entirely suitable for this type of installation. The other version of Windows Server 2012 R2 are designed for more client computers and are more expensive and not needed here.

You have been asked by the head manager of a deployment group to install a Windows Server 2012 R2 computer in his office. This manager would like to have the Windows 8.1 shell and access to the Windows Store available from this computer. Which installation option is required?

Desktop Experience

The complete Windows 8.1 shell with access to the Windows Store requires the Desktop Experience installation option in Windows Server 2012 R2. None of the other installation options provide this facility.

You have been working with a Windows 8 Pro computer for several months now and find the charms feature very useful. You are planning to install Windows Server 2012 R2 computer and would like to use this feature on the server. Which of the following installation options should you select?

Server with a GUI & Desktop Experience

The charms are available in either the Server with a GUI or the Desktop Experience installation option in Windows Server 2012 R2. The other options do not provide the charms.

You are an administrator for your organization. You are currently administering three Server 2003 Standard Edition file servers. You have been tasked with upgrading these servers to Server 2012 R2. How can you accomplish this with the least amount of administrative effort?

Perform clean installations for new servers and use the Windows Server Migration Tools to migrate the shares and data

Clean install is the best option in this scenario. A clean installation followed by data migration will reduce the administration overhead. Answer A (Perform a GUI in place upgrade to Server 2012 R2 Standard Edition) is incorrect as there are no direct upgrade paths from Server 2003 to 2012 R2. Answer C (Perform in place upgrades to SErver 2008 Standard then upgrade to Server 2012 R2 Standard) is not the best option here. You would need to perform several upgrades for each server to step it up to 2012 R2. Answer D (Boot with the Server 2012 R2 installation media and choose the Upgrade option from within the Setup) is not a valid option.

You have just installed a new server and are planning to use it to create, manage, and distribute operating system images. Which role should you install?

Windows Deployment Services

Windows Deployment Services is the role that allows for the creation, management, and deployment of images.

Which role provides the ability to deliver virtual machines to your organization?


Hyper-V is the role responsible for server virtualization and management.

Which of the following roles enables the creation and management of an Active Directory database?

Active Directory Domain Services

Active Directory Domain Services is the role responsible for installing and managing Active Directory.

You have decided to remove a recently installed feature. Which method(s) can you use to remove this feature?

a. Launch Server Manager and click Remove Roles and Features from the manage menu.

b. Run PowerShell as Administrator and execute the cmdlet to uninstall the appropriate feature.

Windows features can be removed through the manage menu available within Server Manager as well as via PowerShell cmdlets.

What is the command used to remove the feature for graphical management tools and infrastructure?

Uninstall-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra -Remove

The syntax for the cmdlet to remove an installed features is Uninstall-WindowsFeature -Remove. To remove the graphical interface management features, issue the command Uninstall-Windows Feature Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra -Remove.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Server 2003 Standard/Enterprise with SP2?

Direct upgrade is not possible.

Must upgrade to Server 2008 before upgrading to 2012. Can only upgrade to Windows Server 2012. Server 2012 R2 is 64-bit and is not supported for this upgrade path.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Server 2008 Standard/Enterprise with SP2?

Windows Server 2012/R2 Standard or 2012/R2 Datacenter.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Server 2008 Datacenter with SP2?

Windows Server 2012/R2 Datacenter.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Web Server 2008?

Windows Server 2012/R2 Standard.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard/Enterprise with SP1

Windows Server 2012/R2 Standard or 2012/R2 Datacenter.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter with SP1?

Windows Server 2012/R2 Datacenter.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Web Server 2008 R2?

Windows Server 2012/R2 Standard.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Server 2012 Datacenter?

Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Server 2012 Standard?

Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Server 2012 Foundation?

Upgrades are not supported.

What is the upgrade option to Windows Server 2012 R2 for: Windows Server 2012 Essentials?

Upgrades are not supported.

Server role responsible for public key infrastructure (PKI). This role is used if you need to deploy and manage digital certificates.

Active Directory Certificate Services

New capabilities for 2012 R2 include integration with Server manager, PowerShell management, server core support, support for auto renewal of certificate for computers unjoined to the domain, and so on.

Responsible for the creation and management of an active directory database. It allows for the organization of resources, management of authentication, and integration with other services such as Microsoft Exchange.

Active Directory Domain Services

Enhancements include virtual domain controller deployment options, improved domain controller promotion tools, new management procedures, and enhancements to the Kerberos protocol.

Provides a seamless secure method for single sign on (SSO). It enables internal and external user authentication to multiple resources without the hassle of remembering multiple logons. Additional new features include integration with dynamic access control and additional PowerShell cmdlet tools.

Active Directory Federation Services

Used in scenarios where standalone servers with limited directory services are required.

Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services

Responsible for managing and controlling embedded file-level policies for encryption and access to data.

Active Directory Rights Management Server

Changes in 2012 R2 revolve around new requirements for SQL server integration, additional steps for PowerShell deployments, a new process for installation through server manager, server core support, and so on.

Used in construction with custom-developed applications used by a business. It is typically associated with web servers.

Application Server

Responsible for managing and configuring the automated configuration of IP addresses on clients.

DHCP Server

New to Server 2012 R2 is a DHCP failover option allowing two servers to share DHCP configurations for the purpose of redundancy. Secondly, Server 2012 R2 provides support for policy-based DHCP configurations. Clients can be assigned specific IP address ranges based on criteria such as client vendor type. Additional PowerShell options are also available for managing DHCP in 2012 R2.

Responsible for name resolution for the internal network as well as Internet resources. DNS is a critical component for AD DS and other applications or services integrated with the domain.

DNS Server

Provides services for sending and receiving faxes.

Fax Server

Provides a central point for storage management for file servers in your organization. File Server Resource Manager provides additional resources to control and manage access to files and resources shared on your server.

File and Storage Services (Including File Server Resource Manager)

Windows Server 2012 R2 includes Work Folders. This feature provides a consistent method for users to access their files from different devices. Additional enhancements for 2012 R2 include data duplication. iSCSI integration, storage virtualization, improved remote management, and additional support for PowerShell cmdlets.

Responsible for managing and supporting server virtualization in your organization.


There have been several enhancements and new features incorporated into the 2012 R2 platform. Some of these include a new set of PowerShell cmdlets, a new virtual machine replication feature, resource monitoring, the ability to support SMB3.0, the ability to share virtual hard disks, Storage Quality of Service, virtual machine generation, and so on.

Provide network access protection (NAP), 802.1X authentication, and central policy management using RADIUS.

Network Policy and Access Services

Unlike Windows Server 2008 R2, Server 2012 R2 includes PowerShell support for this role.

Provides the ability to share and manage printers on the network.

Print and Document Services

New functionality for 2012 R2 include the ability to support direct printing to branch offices, secure printing, high availability printing, and so on.

Provides the ability for DirectAccess and RRAS. DirectAccess provides a seamless remote access method without requiring a virtual private network (VPN). The remote access server role allows for centralized administration, configuration, and monitoring of DirectAccess and any VPN-based services.

Remote Access (Including Routing)

Some differences in 2012 R2 include support for multiple domains, load balancing, support for Server Core and PowerShell, and so on.

Provide mobile support and the ability to users to connect to desktops and applications from virtually anywhere.

Remote Desktop Services

Several improvements have been made to this service since Windows Server 2008. Some of these include a simple virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI), centralized publishing of resources, improved USB device support through the virtual session, multi touch/gestures, smother audio/video playback, and so on. Enhancements in Windows Server 2012 R2 include the ability to monitor and control sessions, improved performance accessing common data, improved reconnection capabilities, reduced requirements for network bandwidth, increased support for additional remote desktop clients such as handheld/mobile devices, and so on.

Provides support and management for the delivery of digital media to many clients over a web browser.

Streaming Media Services

Enables the automation and management of volume licenses for your organization. Key management services (KMS) as well as Active Directory-based activation further simplify the management of license activations across the organization.

Volume Activation Services

Provides the ability to create and manage websites. In this new release of Internet Information Services (IIS), now at version 8.5, Microsoft has provided the ability for centralized SSL certificate for your web server farm, the ability to restrict connections based on IP addresses, FTP logon restrictions, CPU and bandwidth throttling, plus many more.

Web Server (IIS)

Enables you to configure, manage, and deploy images for Windows operating systems over the network. WDS uses the preboot execution environment (PXE) function of network adapters.

Windows Deployment Services

In the new release, Microsoft has included support for the latest operating systems, including Windows 8.1 and Server 2012 R2. Also included is improved support for virtual images, multicasting, driver provisioning, PowerShell scripting support, and so on.

Provides a centralized tool to manage and deploy the latest Microsoft product updates, security updates, and patches for your organization.

Windows Server Update Services

In previous releases WSUS was available via download. In 2012 R2 Microsoft has included this as an optional role available using Server Manager. New functionality for 2012 R2 includes PowerShell support, additional security including a SHA256 hash capability, and the separation of client and server using different version of the windows update agent (WUA).

A series of Windows Server 2012 R2 administration utilities that you can download from Microsoft and install on a Windows 8.1 computer. RSAT enables you to perform most server administrative actions from your desktop computer, including some of the management actions on older Windows Server computers.

Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT)

A feature of Windows Server 2012 R2 that enables you to install a minimal version of the server without a GUI, Start Screen, taskbar, or many ancillary components. A Server Core computer can hold most of the roles that an ordinary Windows Server 2012 R2 computer holds, but with a smaller network footprint and fewer points of attack.

Server Core

A Windows Server 2012 R2 management utility that enables you to perform a large range of management tools on your server or other servers on the network.

Server Manager

A new ability of Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 that enables you to preserve space by completely removing roles and features along with source files from the operating system.

Features on Demand

A specific function that a server platforms on the network such as a file server or terminal server.


A role service is a component of a role that focuses on providing a specific function to support the specific role.

Role Service

An optional component that adds a specific function such as Network Load Balancing.