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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
temporal sequence of antecedents, behavior and consequences. the theory that people's problems do not stem from activating events but, rather, from their beliefs about such events. Thus, the best route to changing problematic emotions is to change one's beliefs about situations.
ABC model of personality
a form of cognitive distortion that refers to making conclusions without supporting and relevant evidence.
arbitrary inferences
maladaptive thoughts that appear to arise reflexively, without consious deliberation.
automatic thoughts
a therapeutic approach that focuses on changing the client's self-verbalizations
cognitive behavior modification (CBM)
a treatment approach that aims at changing cognitions that are leading to psychological problems
cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
the clients misconceptions and faulty assumptions. examples include arbitrary inferences, overgeneralization, selective abstraction, magnification and minimizations, labeling and mislabeling, dichotomous thinking, and personalization
cognitive distortions
a process of actively altering maladaptive thought patterns and replacing them with constructive and adaptive thoughts and beliefs.
cognitive restructuring
the organizing aspect of thinking, which monitors and directs the choice of thoughts; implies and "executive processor", one that determines when to continue, interrupt, or change thinking patterns
cognitive structure
an approach and set of procedures that attempts to change feelings and behavior by modifying faulty thinking and believing
cognitive therapy (CT)
a pattern that triggers depression
cognitive triad
a strategy of viewing the client as a scientist who is able to make objective interpretations. the process in which therapist nad client work together to phrase the clients faulty beliefs as hypotheses and design homework so that the client can test it
collaborative empiricism
a recent development in cognitive therapy that emphasizes the subjective framework and interpretations of the client rather than looking to the objective bases of faulty beliefs
constructivist approach
an approach that focuses on the stories that people tell about themselves and others regarding significant events in their lives
constructivist narrative perspective
a behavioral procedure for helping clients deal effectively with stressful situations by learning to modify their thinking patterns
coping skills program
a cognitive error that involves categorizing experiences in either-or extremes
dichotomous thinking
erroneous thinking that disrupts one's life; can be contadicted by the client's objective appraisal of the situation
distortion of reality
carefuuly designed and agreed upon assignments aimed at getting clients to carry out positive actions that induce emotional at attitudinal change. checked in later sessions. learn ways to dispute self-defeating thinking
the sentences that people tell themselves and the debate that often goes on "inside their head"; a form of self-talk, or inner speech
internal dialogue
an unreasonable conviction that leads to emotional and behavioral problems
irrational belief
a term coined by Ellis to refer to behavior that is absolutist and rigid. we tell ouselves that we must, should, or ought to do or be something
a process of holing extreme beliefs on the basis of a single incident and applying them inappropraiately to disimilar events or settings
a tendency for people to relate external events to themselves, even when there is no basis for making this connection
a theory that is based on the assumption that cognitions, emotions, and behaviors interact significantly and have a reciprocal cause-and-effect relationship
rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)
a form of intense mental practice for learning new emotional and physical habits. clients imagine themselves thinking, behaving, and feeling in exactly the way they would like to in everyday situations
rational emotive imagery
the quality of thinking, feeling, and acting in ways that will help us attain our goals.
procedure for promoting long-term maintenance that involves identifying situations in which clients are likely to regress to old patterns and to develop coping skills in such situations
relapse prevention
core beliefs that are centrally related to dysfuntional behaviors. the process of cognitive therapy involves restructuring ditorted core beliefs
a cognitive distortion that involves forming conclusions based on an isolated detail of an event
selective abstraction
an approach to therapy based on the assumption that what people say to themselves directly influences the things they do. training includes learning new self-talk aimed at coping with problems
self-instructional therapy
what people say to themselves when they are thinking. the internal dialogue that goes on within an individual in stressful situations
a strategy use in REBT therapy that encourages people to do things despite a fear of feeling foolish or embarrassed. the aim of the exercise is to teach people that they can function effectively even if they might be perceived as doing foolish acts
shame-attacking exercises
a process that cognitive therapists use in helping clients empirically test their core beliefs. clients form hypothesis about their behavior through observation and monitoring
socratic dialogue
individuals are given opportunites to deal with mild stress stimuli in successful ways, so that they gradually develop a tolerance for stronger stimuli
stress innoculation
a form of cognitive behavior modification developed by Donald Meichenbaum that is a combination of info giving, socratic discussion, cognitive restructuring, problem solvong, relaxation training, behavioral rehearsals, self-monitiring, self-instruction, self-reinforcement, and modifying environmental situations
stress innoculation training (SIT)
a process whereby the therapist strives to engage the client's active particiaption in all phases of therapy
therapeutic collaboration