Describe The Counseling Process

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Description of Counseling Process
In person-centered therapy, there is a positive view of people and their capabilities of resolving issues on their own. (2) Therapy starts with the therapist questioning the client to understand the clients’ feelings, emotions, and experiences to discover the meaning behind what they are experiencing. The therapist is not interested in history of the problem nor in diagnosing the client. Instead, the therapist uses a nondirective approach and attitude that listens and allows the client to proceed as he or she would like. Once feelings and thoughts are expressed, they are explored through the clients’ own discovery. Although the client may hope for the therapist to provide “an answer”, the person-centered approach
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The therapist does not spend lots of time listening to client history (5) Instead, emphasis is first on relationship building, organizing priorities, taking steps to identify the problem, and developing a treatment plan. Then efforts are focused on helping clients explore the connection between cognitions, emotions, and behaviors in order to aid in the desired approach to change (5). In REBT, clients are educated on how they are disturbed because their self-defeating beliefs and internal dialogue is related to their emotions and behavior. Therapists encourage clients to focus on the cognitive restructuring process which includes examining self-defeating statements and disturbed feelings and replacing them with effective beliefs, feelings, and behaviors so that they no longer believe the negative statements. Clients learn how to apply logical thought and perform behavioral homework as a way to bring about change. Therapy is primarily oriented toward cognition and behavior, and it stresses the role of thinking, deciding, questioning, doing, and redeciding. This approach emphasizes therapy as a learning process, including disputing beliefes, acquiring and practicing new skills, learning new ways of thinking, and acquiring more effective ways of coping with problems. Both REBT and person centered therapy emphasize here and now experiences and clients’ present …show more content…
Therapists strive to use techniques such as active listening, empathy, reflection of feelings, genuineness, empowering the client and focusing on the present. This model does not include diagnostic testing, interpretation, or taking a case history. By using this approach, the therapist and client develop a respectful, efficient relationship that allows opportunity for positive change for the

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