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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An in-depth analysis of one individual.
case study
A type of learning in which an organism responds in a particular way to a neutral stimulus that normally does not bring about that type of response.
classical conditioning
A set of moral principles formed by a group or organization and used to provide guidelines for moral behavior.
code of ethics
Focuses on the processes that allow people to think, know, and understand the world.
cognitive theory
An inclusive term that refers to a group of people who share the same age and experience the same historical events.
Changes that do not occur in set stages and cover the entire life span.
continuous change
In research, the group not given the specific intervention or treatment given to the experimental group. this group, however, is similar to the experimental group in relevant ways.
control group
Identification of association between two factors.
Research in which people of different ages are compared at the same point in time.
cross-sectional study
Research that consists of a number of different age groups that are examined over several points in time.
cross-sequential research
The beliefs, customs, behaviors, rules, and rituals a group uses to define their life together and transmit from one generation to the next.
In experimental research, the area that may change after the introduction of, or changes in, the independent variable
dependent variable
Systematic statement of principles meant to provide a coherent framework for understanding how people change as they grow older.
developmental theory
Development that occurs in distinct stages.
discontinous change
Continual change with individuals and social groups and the systematic connection of each change to other developments in individual and society.
dynamic systems
Considered "emergent theories" in that they use multicultural, multidisciplinary, and multi-method analysis. these perspectives argue for the inclusion and the analysis of all systems that impact the developing person.
ecological perspective
This approach considers the relationship between the individual and the enviroment and considers all contexts and systems that effect the development.
ecological systems approach
People who share traditions, customes, and rituals that generally include ancestral heritage and often religion, national origin, and language.
The analysis of animal behavior patterns particulary as they relate to evolutionary origins and species survival.
ethological perspective
Research method designed to determine cause and effect relationships.
one variable (independent variable) is manipulated in order to observe and record changes in the other variable (dependent variable).
In research, the group or participants given a specific intervention or treatment.
experimental group
The analysis of how people change and do not change over time.
human development
Contends that people have a natural capacity to make decisions about their lives and to control their behavior.
humanistic theory