• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Vygotsky's concept that people develop understanding and expertise mainly through apprenticeship with more knowledgeable learners
guided participation
recording mini-milestones of child development (eg the ages when the child discovers parts of the body, creeps, sits upright, walks)
baby biography
in humans, consists of 22 of the 23 pairs of chromosomes, except those that determine sex
the process of ordinary cell division that results in two cells identical to the parent cell
reproductive cells (ova, sperm) that are formed by the process of meiosis
traits that are determined by genes on teh 23rd chromosome pair
sex-linked traits
alteration in the DNA that typically occurs during mitosis or meisos and is therefore transmitted to subsequent cells through cell division
birth defects; abnormalities that result from genetic and chromosomal problems as well as from exposure to toxins, disease and such during the prenatal period
congenital anomalies
ceasing to attend or respond to repetitive stimulation; occurs at several levels, from sensation to perception to higher cognition
unreasonable fear of an object or situation
a procedure in which oly some responses are reinforced or punished; produces much stronger habits than continuous reinforcement
partial schedules
one's beliefs and feelings about oneself; defines who a person is
what a person believes he/she is capable of doing in a give situation
interaction of components-such as everyday physical and social settings, parenting and family customs, and the overall environment context-that determines the unique world of each person
developmental niche
individual environmental factors that do no occur at any predictable time in a person'a life (divorce, unemployment, career change)
nonnormative influences
photograph of a cell's chromosomes arranged in pairs according to size
the extent to which a trait is inherited vs acquired, thus presuming a genetic basis; note that it estimates the influence of environment
ceasing to attend or respond to repetitive stimulation, occurs at several levels, from sensation to perception to higher cognition
muted gene on chromosome 15, only from father, affect function of hypothalamus, inappropriate laughter
angelman syndrome
mutated gene on 7th chromosome, involves endocrine gland on pancreas, excess mucous, early death
cystic fibrosis
carried by dominant gene on 4th chromosome, causes early dementia, random jerking movt, staggering walk; appears after 35 yrs
huntington disease
defective gene on chromosome 12, fail to synthesize certain enzyme, given substitute protein formula
Phenylketonuria PKU
defected gene on chromosome 15, affect function of hypothalamus, only from mother
Prader-Willi syndrome
defective gene of chromosome 11, mishapen red blood cells, sticky blood, anemic, pain
Sickle cell anemia
European Jews, defective gene on chromosome 15, early infant death from brain degeneration
Tay-Sachs disease
sex-linked genetic disorder, genetic replication error, x chromosome prone to breakage, atypical behavior, most common hereditary disorder
fragile x
most common autosomal, most common is trisomy 21, incidence increases with mothers age over 35
down's syndrome
a child's genetic makeup included features no present in either parent
chromosomal pattern of XXY
Klinefelter's syndrome
number of different kinds of cells in human body
over 200
identical twins
withdrawal/analysis of cells from membrane surrounding fetus, quicker than amniocentesis
chorionic villus sampling
neonate who weighs less than 5lbs 8oz
infant born before gestation period of 35 weeks
preterm status
the characteristic beliefs, attitudes, and ways of interacting
characterized by anger and avoidance of the mother
resistant attachment
characterized by ambivalence (+ and - feelings) toward the mother
avoidant attachment
characterized by contradictory behavior and confusion toward mother
disorganized/disoriented attachment
first critical developmental issue that is resolved in the first year of life, Erikson
trust vs mistrust
second critical developmental issue, resolved 2-3 yo, Erikson
autonomy vs shame/doubt
failure of caregiver to respond/care for a child, often unintentional
child neglect
condition that may result from malnutrition or unresponsive caregiving in which infants are small (<3%) for age, appear emaciated, unable to digest properly
failure-to-thrive syndrome (FTT)