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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Accent Lighting
creates and emphasis or focus, such as to highlight a painting, or a sculpture. also referred to as key lighting
Ambient Lighting
(to go around) describes diffuse. uniform illumination that provides for safe movement. also referred to as general lighting
Applied pattern
is the design repeated by printing a fabric.
Artificial Light
also called electric light, includes incandescent, fluorescent, neon, high-intensity discharge, and LED (light emitting diode)
Asymmetrical Balance
defined as the achievement of equilibrium trough equal visual weight of nonidentical elements around an axis. results in a flexible, dynamic, and informal composition.
a real or imagined centerline
refers to the purity, saturation, or intensity of a color. Adding gray to a color lowers its chroma
Elements of design
Line, Pattern, Texture, Scale, Light, and Color
Electric Light
same as artificial light.includes incandescent, fluorescent, neon, high-intensity discharge, and LED (light emitting diode)
A 3D unit. is made up of shapes on different planes. Regular Geometric forms are cube, sphere, cone, cylinder, and pyramid
Geometric Shape
Whether straight or curvilinear, geometric shapes are regular. Square, rectangle, triangle, and circle.
Golden Section (Golden Mean)
one of the numerous mathematical formulas as a mean of understanding and quantifying proportion ratios. utilized by the ancient Greeks
refers to the family of a color or the way we distinguish one color, such as red, from another such as yellow. More precise term for a color's family
Human Scale
constant range of what we expect the human size to be
its a connection between two points in space and it indicates either lenght or width.
Natural Light
includes day light, flame, candle, and skylight
Organic Shape
based on nature and living objects, whether in the animal (and human) or plant kingdom.
used to detonate visual detail that is not functional, but rather purely decorative
repetition of an specific motif
flat surface
Primaries of color
pigments red, yellow, and blue
Primaries of light
Red, green, blue
principles of design
proportion, balance, rhythm, contrast, emphasis, harmony
Radial Balance
equilibrium that relies on a center, point, which serves as the axis around which elements of equal visual weight are arranged. often used for ceremonial spaces such as churches
when comparing the relative size of two or more objects
empty space
as a line shifts direction, developing both length and width.
the addition of the third dimension, depth or volume, produces the boundaries of a solid
structural pattern
the design achieved in a fabric through weaving. also the way the bricks in a building are arranged produces structural pattern
it can be felt by touch in addition to being visual
task lighting
illuminates certain areas of space to facilitate specific activities such as reading. also referred to as local lighting
the features of a surface, both its construction and its finish
when white is added to a hue the value is heightened
when gray is added to a color
symmetrical balance
is a formal, static, and traditional type of balance achieved with identical elements arranged around a common axis
when black is added to a color
trompe l' oeil
another artistic technique that tricks the eye so that the viewer imagines a structure having significant three-dimensionality rather than being flat.
refers to the degree of lightness or darkness of a color.
visible spectrum
the spectrum of light that humans are able to see. it ranges from red to purple
visual weight
equality in design is achieved when features have equal weight. the visual weight of objects may be influenced by their size, shape, texture, color, complexity, and position