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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Mere-exposure effect

tendency to like a person more if we have been exposed to them repeatedly

-"girl next door effect"


Tendency to have contact with people of equal social status

Matching Phenomenon

We choose romantic partners similar to us in areas like attitudes, intelligences, and attractiveness

Byrne Matching phenomenon experiment

1- fill out questionaire on their attitudes and opinions about several topics

2-see a questionaire filled out by someone else that is similar to theirs and completely different

3-participants rate how much they would like the people they read about

Results: people like people that share their opinions more

Online dating

EHarmony: connects similarities in attitudes/values

chemistry.com: uses online questionnaire

Perfect match.com: similar in romantic impulsivity, personal energy, and outlook9

Byrne's Law of Attraction

-We like people that give us positive reinforcement and few pnishments

-practical implications: spend time having fun and give rewards

Buss's Sexual Strategy Theory

-Good looks is the guide to fertility

-men more attracted to younger women because they are more fertile

-women more attracted to healthy, willing/able men to contribute resources to them and kids


Quality of relationships characterized by committment, feelings of closeness and trust, and self-disclosure

Emotional intamacy

mutual self disclosure and other kinds of verbal sharing

Sel disclosure

promotes reciprocation and sense of intamacy

-telling personal things about yourself

Theories of love





Triangular theory


-3 components of love: intamacy: emotional component

-passion: motivational component (looks and drive for sexual expression); fades fast

-decision/committment: cognitive; short-term(love them), long-term(maintain relationship)

-Probs in relationships may be due to mismatch of triangles

-Each component needs to be put into action

Attachment Theory of Love

Lovers in a category: secure, avoidant, anxious/ambivalent

-secure: easy to get close to people; don't fear abandonment

-avoidant: uncomfy being close to people; hard to trust people

-anxious: want to get close, but partner doesn't reciprocate; scares others away; insecure

-not related to childhood attachments

2 component theory of love

2 conditions must exist simultaneously for passionate love to occur: physiological arousal and attaching a cognitive label to the feeling

misattribution of arousal

evidence for 2 component theory

-when person in physiological arousal stage (ex. exercising) attributes these feelings to love or attraction to the person present

-example: fear

Passionate vs. Companionate

Passionate: state of intense longing for union with the other person and of intense physiological arousal --> people fail to see flaws

Companionate: feeling deep attachment and commitment with whom one has an intimate relationship


Passionate: dopamine --> euphora (like on the clouds)

companionate: oxytocin--> calm pleasure

individualistic culture

-US and Canada

-emphasize individual goals over group and societal goals

-passionate love decided by indiv.

Collectivist culture

-China,Africa, SE Asia

-emphasize group and collective goals over personal ones

-arranged marriages good for the family

-Big countries say wouldn't marry someone they didnt love

-Thailand 34% said no but they do it anyway