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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Looking at history in contemparary standards
Enficize person's point
Eclectic approach
Events contriute to change
What is psychology?
Study of the psyche, study of the spirit, study of consciousness, study of behavior
Who is known as the father of psychology
Wilhelm Wundt
Empirical Observation
Gaining knowledge through observation.
Spirit of the times
Study of the past
Theroy: everything has a name for a reason
The way things are seen at that time.

**Sun revolving around the earth**
study of the nature of knowledge
Believe that the mind and body are both physical events and mental events
Normal Science
KUHN: research performed by scientists to find the impliations of a paradigm
Reasons why it is important to study the history of psychology?
- Historical perspective
- Knowledge of where the subject came from and why it is important
-Fads/ Fashion popularity of ideas
- Learn from past mistakes
- General interest
Functions of scientific theory
- Oraganizes empirical observations
= guide for future observations
- Experimental testing
Looking at nature as thought it were alive
Kuhn: normal science
Pardigms change as observations cannot be explained by the current paradigm
Correlational laws
How events carry from one to each other
Correlation... carr
Causal laws
Cause, One causes the other
Personification; giving inanimate and animate objects human like with emotions

**Disney's lion king**
Aristotle: Everthing exists for a reason
En existance
- pupose for which a thing exists
- remains a potential until used
ex. active reason, human entelechy exists only as a potential in many humans.

aka humans have a potential to act
Those indispensable characteristics of a thing that give it its unique identity
ex. Barney, being a purple dinosaur
- Belief that everything exist for a purpose.
Aristotle's beleif.

4 causes to understand anything:
Material, formal, efficient, final (why it exists)
Pythagoreans and perfection
- explanation of the universe is found in numbers.
- affected Plato's views, and christian thought
- Dualistic
pythagoran therom.
- father of modern medicine
- diseases had natural causes
- four humors of the human body.
flem, blood, yellow, black
- philospher/teacher
- "truth is what people thought it to be"
sofa = Opra - tells people the truth
- believed in personal experience
- "no thruth exists beyond personal opinion"
- inductive definition
- goals in life to gain knowledge
disagreed with sophists

Gain knowledge
- Student of Socrates
- experience through senses
- true knowledge attained through reason, and rational thought
- all knowledge innate
- concentrate on rational pursuits
- supress fear, love, rage, sex, hunger
Plato sounds like play doo
children play with play doo,
knowledge is innate
Allegory of the cave
Plato's description:
-individuals who live their lives in accordance with the shadows of reality provided by sensory experience instead of in accordance with the true reality beyound sensory experience.
- 1st to relate topics to psychology
- studying nature and observation of phenomena.
- rational and empiricism
- 4 causes to understand anything
Student of Plato

"Everything exists for a purpose"
Law of contiguity
thought of something will tend to cause thoughts of things that are usually experienced along with it.
match together an experience with an action.

ex. drinking to much tequilla will make one vomit. Now the smell of tequilla makes people sick.
Law of contrast
A thought of something will tend to cause thoughts of opposite things.
law of frequency
the more often experiences occur together, the stronger will be their association
Law of similarity
when we think of something, we tend to think of things similar to it.
thinking about money often leads to people thinking about their jobs
Laws of associations
laws thought responsible for holding mental events together in memory. Contiguity, contrast, similarity, and frequency
all of the previous laws linking events to memory
Occam's razor
- Shave off unnecessary infomation
"Keep it simple stupid"

~Never kiss a razor cuz its sharp~
Dialectic method
Technique by Abelard:
- to seek the truth
- Questions are made and several possible answers are explored
Good cop bad cop interview
Examening one's inner experiences.
Mystery religions
- Cults
- Secret initiation, ceremonies
- Symbol of death and rebirth
- Forgiveness of sins
Stoics and moral choices
- Divine plan for everything in nature
- Material possessions not valued highly
*Everything is there for a reason*

~Live in harmony with nature~
Avicenna: 5 external senses
* Sight
* Hearing
* touch
* taste
* Smell

an indisputable truth.
Yeah right... the true

~Mommy is skeptic about dogs; and that is the truth~
Avicenna: 7 internal senses
* Common Sense
* Retentive Imagination
* Compositive animal imagination
* Compostive human imagination
* Estimative power
* Ability to remember outcomes of info
* Ability to use info
Who is Peter Abelhard
- use dialectiv method to overcome inconsistencies in statements made by theologians through the years
- Conceptualism
Specific to General
adding in IN
Studying the nature of conscious experience
Secondary qualities
Attributes of physical objects that exists in the mind only.
Sound, color, odor, temperature, taste
Primary qualities
Attributes of physical objects: size shape, number, position, and movement
size shape, number, position, and movement
Martin Luther
Disturbed by the corruption of the Catholic Churches.

Believed in personal religion
Martin Luther King was a priest. Martin Luther hates priests.
"The Earth revolved around the sun. "
Humans are mechanical robots.
Several truths of Aristotle is FALSE. Used a telescope Studied the solar system.
Newton/Principles of Newtonian Science
Law of Gravity.
Responsible for Sensory stimulation.
"The only thing we experience directly is our own perceptions or secondary qualities"

Trust god with our senses.
Simple ideas
Mental remains of sensations.
complex ideas
Composites of Simple Ideas
Seek pleasure avoid pain.

Satisfy human needs