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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Seyle's View of Stress
Focused on stressor AND stress
stress response is non specific
General Adaptation Syndrome
General Adaptation Syndrome
1. Alarm Reaction - activates sympathetic
2. Resistance - adapts to stressor
3. Exhaustion - activation of para
Lazurus's View
Effect of stress is based on feelings of threat, vulnerability, and ability to cope
focuses on PERCEPTION of stress
3 aspects to stress: appraisal, vulnerability, coping
Life Event Scales to Measure Stress
Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS)
Undergraduate Stress Questionnaire (USQ)
Perceived Stress Scale (assesed 3 components)
Content Validity
Does it measure all aspects of stress
Convergent Validity
Do they correlate with other measures of stress
Predictive Validity
Does the measure predict outcomes that should be associated with stress
Neurotransmitter in Parasympathetic System?
Neurotransmitter in Sympathetic System
Whats the function of the Pituitary Gland in the stress response
Releases adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) that stimulates the adrenal gands
Adrenocortical response
when ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex, it releases cortisol
Adrenomedullary Response
occures when the sympathetic nervous system activates the adrenal medulla releasing epinephrine
Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis
a type of WBC in lymph, protects the body against antigens
storage/disposal or creation sites in lymphatic system
spleen, liver, thymus
Nonspecific Immune Response
-skin and mucous membranes
-phagocytosis (leukocytes attack foreign particles, granulocytes and macrophages)
become sensitive to specific invader and seek them out - cell mediated immunity
Responsible for creating antibodies in response to antigens
Mark invaders for death