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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Freedom of Speech

The right to disagree with the government with no punishment

Eminent Domain

The power of the gov to take private property and convert it to public use

Bill of Rights

The first 10 amendments of the U.S. Constitution

Equal Protection Clause

Part of the 14th amendment that requires states to apply the law the same way for all people

Free Exercise Clause

Part of the 1st Amendment that states a person has the freedom to follow any religion they choose (with exceptions)


The separation of racial groups

Double Jeopardy

Being charged for the same (exact) crime twice


The right to vote


The restriction of something

Reserved Powers

Powers not specifically granted to the federal government bore denied from the states

Establishment Clause

Part of the 1st amendment that declares the government can’t take actions to create an official religion or favor one religion over another

The Civil Rights Movement

A mass movement in the 1950’s and 1960’s to guarantee the civil rights (equality) of African Americans

Due Process of Law

The idea that the government will follow complete legal procedures

Poll Tax

Have to pay to vote (directed towards black people)


The action it an act of abolishing (getting rid of) a system, practice, or institution

Incorporation Doctrine

States the Bill of Rights don’t just apply to the federal gov, they also apply to the state gov

Symbolic Speech

Legal term uses to declare actions that use something to symbol something to convey a message

What is the Bill Of Rights?

The first 10 Amendments in the U.S. Constitution

What were the views of the Anti-Federalists on the Bill of Rights?

The Anti-Federalists refused to agree with the Constitution so the Federalists made the Bill of Rights so they would vote in favor of the Constitution

How are the Amendments of the Constitution Proposed?

Can be proposed by congress with a 2/3 majority vote in both the House and the senate OR by a constitutional convention called for by 2/3 of state legislatures

How are the Amendments of the Constitution ratified?

Must be approved by 3/4 of the state legislatures OR approved by conventions in 3/4 of the states

What rights does the 1st Amendment protect?

Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition of the Government

What does it mean by Freedom to Petition?

You have the right to Petition how the government does something so you can change it

Which amendments offer protections against abuse of power by the government?

Amendments 3, 7, 17 and 27

What rights are protected in the 2nd and 3rd Amendments?

2nd- The right to bear arms

3rd- Gov. can’t force you to house soldiers

Describe the 4th Amendment. Why is it nicknamed the ‘Privacy Amendment’?

The 4th Amendment states that the police must have a judge approved warrant to search your home or seize your belongings. It ensures people they have the right to privacy unless they did something wrong

What rights are protected by the 5th Amendment?

The 5th Amendment protects those accused of a criminal crime. You have the right to remain silent.

Describe the 7th Amendment

Guarantees the right to a jury trail in civil cases if the amount of money involved exceeds 20$

Describe the 8th Amendment

Deals with criminal cases. Bails, fines, and punishments

What is stated in the 9th and 10th amendments

9th-Guarantees that some things may not be stated in the Constitution but is still protected under the constitution (unumerated rights)

10th-Made to reassure people the federal gov wouldn’t completely replace the state gov

What are the Civil War Amendments?

13th-officially ended slavery

14th-defined an American citizen as anyone born there or naturalized there

15th-granted African Americans suffrage

Why was the 16th Amendment important?

It allowed the national gov to collect taxes from the citizens. Causing them to have money to pay off precious debts and start funding (schools, hospitals, etc) and create more policies

How did the 17th Amendment affect citizens participation in government?

The 17th Amendment allowed citizens to elect their senators directly. It gave us a greater vote in our gov.

What group of people pushed for the 19th Amendment?

Mainly women because it allowed them suffrage

Why was the 23rd Amendment ratified?

It allows the citizens of D.C. to have a part in national elections. (It let them vote in national elections)

Describe the significance of the 24th Amendment

It made poll taxes illegal

Why was the 26th Amendment ratified? (in 1971)

The 26th Amendment lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 because of the Vietnam war. Kids though if they were old enough to get drafted hey were old enough to have a say in their gig.

What group interprets the meaning of the Constitution?

The Supreme Court

What is the significance of the 14th Amendment? Why is it referred to as the “2nd Bill of Rights?

States the Bill of Rights apply to all, defines what a citizen is, and how the five must have equal protection for all

What is the significance of the 14th Amendment? Why is it referred to as the “2nd Bill of Rights?

States the Bill of Rights apply to all, defines what a citizen is, and how the five must have equal protection for all

Why are citizens rights often difficult to interpret in the Bill of Rights?

Due to how much has changed since the Bill of Rights was written

What’s the difference between Civil Rights and Civil Liberties?

Civil Liberties individual rights

Civil Rightsrights of a group