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20 Cards in this Set

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Shakespearean Sonnet

composed of three quatrains and a terminal couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg.


a poem or stanza of eight lines


consisting of two heroic couplets written in an elevated style; the rhyme scheme is abab.


a pair of lines of metre in poetry usually comprise two lines that rhyme and have the same metre.

heroic couplet

a traditional form for English poetry, commonly used in epic and narrative poetry, and consisting of a rhyming pair of lines in iambic pentameter.


a foot of two syllables, a short followed by a long in quantitative meter, or an unstressed followed by a stressed in accentual meter

iambic pentameter

a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable

blank verse

verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter

dramatic monologue

a poem in the form of a speech or narrative by an imagined person, in which the speaker inadvertently reveals aspects of their character while describing a particular situation or series of events.


a popular literary device often used in drama to reveal the innermost thoughts of a character.


a character who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.


a play on words in which a humorous effect is produced by using a word that suggests two or more meanings or by exploiting similar sounding words having different meanings.


a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect.


a statement that seems to contradict itself but is, never less, true

metric foot

a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm


a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in audiences.


written or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure


consists of descriptive words and phrases that re-create sensory experiences for the reader.


a dramatic device in which a character speaks his or her thoughts aloud, in words meant to be heard by the audience but not by the other characters


part of a song or poem that is repeated following each verse.