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55 Cards in this Set

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denotes a single line of poetry. The term can also be used to refer to a stanza or other parts of poetry.

traditional verse

the lines follow some rime scheme, and that the meter is some consistent standard meter.


a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.

english/shakespearean sonnet

composed of three quatrains and a terminal couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg.

free verse

poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter.

blank verse

verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter.


a poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas.


expressing the writer's emotions, usually briefly and in stanzas or recognized forms.


a spoken or written account of connected events; a story.


a fictitious prose narrative of book length, typically representing character and action with some degree of realism.


a short novel or long short story.


a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.


a simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels.


a figure of speech involving the comparison using like or as


a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.


the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.


visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work.


a thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.


exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.


the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named BOOM BAM


the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.


in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in nonrhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo to be discernible


refers to repetitive sounds produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase


the narrative voice of a poem that speaks of his or her situation or feelings.


the attitude, or stance, toward the subject and toward the reader or audience implied in aliterary work; the “tone of voice” it seems to project


a restatement of a text or passage giving the meaning in anotherform, as for clearness; rewording.


frequent use of discords of a harshness and relationship difficult to understand.


the quality of being pleasing to the ear, especially through a harmonious combination of words.


a strong, regular, repeated pattern of movement or sound.


is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse

iambic pentameter

a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable, for example

metric foot

a single unit of measurement that is repeated within a line of poetry.


a metrical foot consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable.

rhyme scheme

the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse.


two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit.

heroic couplet

(in verse) a pair of rhyming iambic pentameters, much used by Chaucer and the poets of the 17th and 18th centuries such as Alexander Pope.


a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse.


a stanza of four lines, especially one having alternate rhymes.


poem or stanza of eight lines; an octet.


an event causing great suffering, destruction, and distress, such as a serious accident, crime, or natural catastrophe.


the subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person's thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic.


the main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence.


a person in a novel, play, or movie.


another character in a story who contrasts with the main character, usually to highlight one of their attributes.


helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas.


when a character's dialogue is spoken but not heard by the other actors on the stage.


a statement that contradicts itself and still seems true somehow.


figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect.


a play on words in which a humorous effect is produced by using a word that suggests two or more meanings or by exploiting similar sounding words having different meanings.

dramatic monologue

a poetic form in which a single character, addressing a silent auditor at a critical moment, reveals himself or herself and the dramatic situation.


a super important monologue given by a character in a play who is alone on the stage.


a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actualmeaning of the words.

dramatic irony

when the audience knows something the characters do not.

situational irony

involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected.

verbal irony

a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.