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60 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Who / What/ When/ Where/ Why/ How/ How Much?
Who is taking the drug?
What drug are they taking?
When and Where is the drug being used?
Why does a person take a drug?
How is the drug taken?
How much of the drug is being used?
Four Principles of Psychoactive Drugs
1.Drugs, per se, are not good or bad. With drug abuse, it is the behavior caused and the way the drug is being used that is referred to with the term "bad drugs".
2.Every drug has multiple effects. Although the user might focus on a single aspect of a drug's effect.
3.Both the size and quantity of a drug's effect depend on the amount the individual has taken.
4.The effect of any psychoactive drug depends on the individual's history and expectations.
psychoactive drugs
Those compounds that alter consciousness and affect mood.
drug
Any substance, natural or artificial, other than food, that by its chemical nature alters structure or function in the living organism.
illicit drug
A drug that is unlawful to posses or use.
deviant drug use
Drug use that is not common within a social group AND is disapproved of by the majority, causing members of the group to take corrective action when it occurs (informal: teasing, formal: jail)
drug misuse
Generally refers to the use of prescribed drugs in greater amounts than, or for purposes other than, those prescribed by a physician or dentist.
abuse
Consists of the use of a substance in a manner, amounts, or situations such that the drug use causes problems or greatly increases the chances of problems occurring.
addiction
(Think dependence)
dependence
Refers to a state in which the individual uses the drug so frequently and consistently that it appears that it would be difficult for the person to get along WITHOUT using the drug.
correlate
A variable that is statistically related to some other variable, such as drug use.
antecedent
A variable that occurs before some event such as the initiation of drug use.
longitudinal study
A study done over a period of time (months or years).
gateway
One of the first drugs (e.g. alcohol or tobacco) used by a typical drug user.
reinforcement
A procedure in which a behavioral event is followed by consequent event such that the behavior is then more likely to be repeated. The behavior of taking a drug may be reinforced by the effect of the drug.
laissez-faire
A hands off approach to government.
toxic
Poisonous, dangerous.
behavioral toxicity
Toxicity resulting from behavioral effects of a drug.
acute
Referring to drugs, the short-term effects of a single dose.
chronic
Referring to drugs, the long term effects from repeated use.
DAWN
Drug Abuse Warning Network. System for collecting data on drug related deaths or emergency room visits.
HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus.
AIDS
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
three processes that may occur with repeated drug use:
Tolerance, physical dependence, and psychological dependence
tolerance
Reduced effect of a drug after repeated use.
withdrawal syndrome
A consistent set of symptoms that appears after discontinuing use of a drug.
physical dependence
Drug dependence defined by the presence of a withdrawal syndrome, implying that the body has become adapted to the drug's presence.
psychological dependence
Behavioral dependence; indicated by a high rate of drug use, craving for the drug, and a tendency to relapse after stopping use.
reinforcement
A procedure in which a behavioral event is followed by a consequent event such that the behavior is then more likely to be repeated. The behavior of taking a drug may be reinforced by the effect of the drug.
catheters
Plastic or other tubing implanted in the body.
biopsychosocial
A theory or perspective that relies on the interaction of biological, individual psychological, and social variables.
morphine
A narcotic, the primary active chemical in opium. Heroin is made from morphine.
patent medicines
Medicines sold directly to the public under various trademark names. Primarily associated with the period before 1906.
cocaine
A stimulant; the primary active chemical in coca.
FDA
The United States Food and Drug Administration.
NDA
New drug application. Must be approved before a drug is sold.
IND
Application to investigate a new drug in human clinical trials.
DEA
Drug Enforcement Administration, a branch of the Department of Justice.
paraphernalia
Equipment used in conjunction with any activity.
THC
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the most important psychoactive chemical in marijuana.
coca
A bush that grows in the Andes and produces cocaine.
cocaine
The active chemical in the coca plant.
coca paste
A crude extract containing cocaine in a smokable form.
cocaine hydrochloride
The most common form of pure cocaine, it is stable and water soluble.
freebase
A method of preparing cocaine as a chemical base so that it can be smoked.
crack
A street name for simple and stable preparation of cocaine base for smoking.
rock
Another name for crack.
cocaethylene
A chemical formed when ethanol and cocaine are co-administered.
ephedrine
a sympathomimetic drug used in treating asthma.
amphetamine
A synthetic CNS stimulant and sympathomimetic.
narcolepsy
A disease that causes people to fall asleep suddenly.
speed
Street name for amphetamine.
crank
Street name for illicitly manufactured methamphetamine.
crystal meth; ice
Street names for crystals of methamphetamine hydrochloride.
ADHD
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
methylphenidate (Ritalin)
A stimulant used in treating ADHD.
Why do people do drugs?
1. To get high
2. Religious purposes
3.Psychological Awareness
4. Mood elevator
5. Peer Group
6. To enhance Socialability
Problems with drugs?
1. Medical Problems
2. Legal Problems
3. Death
4.
5. Bad Relationships
6. Developmental
7. Occupational
8. A motivational syndrome
150s Puritain Values
1. Work hard
2. Delaying gratification
3. Obey authority
4. Control your emotions
5. Don't think about sex
6. 2 types of girls: do and don't
7. The family stayed together
1960s
1. Rejected materialism
2. distrusted technology and "reason"
3. Pursue Individuality4. Creation of a subculture "beatnicks"