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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
Basic Industries
Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services.
Business Services
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
Central Place
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market area for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel further.
Central Place Theory
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Clustered Rural-Settlement
Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and education, health, and leisure services.
Consumer Services
A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
Dispersed Rural Settlement
A community's collection of basic industries.
Economic Base
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the Eighteenth Century.
Enclosure Movement
A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Gravity Model
The area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place's good and services.
Market Area (Or Hinterland)
Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers in the community.
Nonbasic Industries
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Primate City
A pattern of settlements in a country such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Primate City Rule
Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses.
Public Services
The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
Range (of a Service)
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
Rank-Size Rule
Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
The minimum number of people needed to support the service.
An increase in the percentage of the number of people living in urban settlements.
In the United States, a central city plus its contiguous built-up suburbs.
Urbanized Area