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159 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A type of computing that relates to emotion or deliberately tries to influence emotion
affective computing
A type of wireless technology that uses radio waves to transmit data over short distances. Often used to connect peripherals such as printers and keyboards to computers or headsets to cell phones
The application of computer systems and techniques to gather potential legal evidence; a law enforcement specialty used to fight high-tech crime
computer forensics
Being familiar enough with computers that you understand their capabilities and limitations and know how to use them
computer literate
The process by which great amounts of data are analyzed and investigated to spot significant patterns or trends within the data that would otherwise not be obvious
data mining
The discrepancy between those who have access to the opportunities and knowledge computers and the Internet offers and those who do not
digital divide
A home that has a computer(s) and other digital devices that are all connected to a home network
digital home
The set of techniques used in processing and retrieving information
information technology (IT)
The science revolving around the use of nanostructures to build devices on an extremely small scale
The practice of relocating technical work to countries outside the United States
Which of the following is NOT a use of computers in the legal environment?
a. Creating animations that simulate the crime for use in the courtroom
b. Tracking criminal behavior patterns
c. Predicting criminal behavior patterns
d. Conducting interviews with suspects
Art interfaces with technology by
a. using a computer to generate images that respond to the environment.
b. having computers suggest an appropriate solution to a dispute.
c. using software that completes the plot of a story.
d. having Web sites that search for prospective clients for artists.
Affective computing is the science of relating computers and
a. effective organization skills.
b. results-oriented outcomes.
c. emotion and social skills.
d. the calculation of interest rates.
Computer systems can NOT be trained to understand
a. the U.S. tax code.
b. human emotion.
c. a good joke.
d. the perfect golf swing.
Automotive technology requires an understanding of computers to
a. properly bill customers.
b. control computerized pneumatic tools.
c. keep carburetor settings at the optimal positions.
d. be able to run sensor and CPU diagnostics for the multiple computerized subsystems.
A computer-controlled mannequin that simulates human body functions and reactions.
patient simulator
A small device that enables a user to carry digital information
personal digital assistant (PDA)
The status of software that are not protected by copyright
public domain
A tag that looks like a sticker or label, is attached to a batch of merchandise, and contains a microchip that holds a unique sequence of numbers used to identify the product to which it is attached
radio frequency identification tags (RFID tags)
Unwanted or junk e-mail
A device that tracks movement is a
a. PSS.
b. RFID tag.
c. PDA.
d. patient simulator.
Which of the following is NOT a good reason to learn more about computers?
a. To keep your home system secure
b. To increase your career options
c. To get attention from your friends when their systems break down
d. To make better informed purchasing decisions
Infrared scanners can NOT
a. scan packages and detect unusual objects.
b. be worn on the wrist.
c. translate a bar code into a computer data file.
d. be used by shipping companies to track packages.
Computer forensics
a. uses computer technology to gather potential legal evidence.
b. helps identify the remains of bodies.
c. investigates a suspect’s home computer for evidence.
d. All of the above
Robotic surgery devices help physicians because
a. they make more accurate incisions.
b. the doctor does not have to be involved in the actual surgery.
c. they monitor and make suggestions to the surgeon during the procedure.
d. if the operation runs into complications, they can suggest creative alternatives
Computer simulations are used for gaming purposes, but they are not yet accurate enough for criminal investigations.
Affective computing is the science that attempts to produce machines that make people comfortable because they look human in form.
Artists use computers for the business side of their work—for example, advertising or record keeping—but computers are not useful artistic tools.
Ranchers tag their cattle and use computer systems to track and record their movements.
In many hospitals, infants are “chipped,” or injected with a small, computerized tracking device, so that nurses can monitor their location and keep them safe.
The part of the system unit of a computer that is responsible for data processing; it is the largest and most important chip in the computer.
A type of monitor that was based on the original design of the television set and features a picture tube device and screen made up of millions of pixels, or tiny dots. These monitors have been largely replaced by LCD monitors.
A leading alternative keyboard that puts the most commonly used letters in the English language on "home keys," the keys in the middle row of the keyboard. It is designed to reduce the distance your fingers travel for most keystrokes, increasing typing speed
How a user sets up his or her computer and other equipment to minimize risk of injury or discomfort.
An interface based on a standard developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) with a transfer rates of 400 megabits per second or 800 megabits per second. Today, it is the most commonly used to connect digital video devices such as digital cameras to the computer.
A nonimpact printer that sprays tiny drops of ink onto paper
inkjet printer
A nonimpact printer known for quick and quiet production and high-quality printouts
laser printer
The technology used in flat-panel computer monitors
A device that allows you to capture sound waves, such as those created by your voice, and transfer them to digital format on your computer
A common output device that displays text, graphics, and video as soft copies (copies that can be seen only on-screen)
A hardware device used to enter user responses and commands into a computer
A mouse that uses an internal sensor or laser to control the mouse's movement. The sensor sends signals to the computer, telling it where to move the pointer on the screen.
optical mouse
A keyboard that gets its name from the first six letters on the top-left row of alphabetic keys on the keyboard
QWERTY keyboard
The computer's temporary storage space or short-term memory. It is located as a set of chips on the system unit's motherboard, and its capacity is measured in megabytes or gigabytes
A set of memory chips located on the motherboard that stores data and instructions that cannot be changed or erased; it holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up
an output device for sound
the metal or plastic case that holds all the physical parts of the computer together, including the computer's processor (its brains), its memory, and the many circuit boards that help the computer function
system unit
A drive that plugs into a universal serial bus (USB) port on a computer and stores data digitally.
USB drive
Which devices below are considered output devices?
a. Keyboard and mouse
b. Monitor and printer
c. Hard drive and speakers
d. Microphone and CD-ROM drive
Which of the following is NOT one of the four major functions of a computer?
a. Computation
b. Storage
c. Processing
d. Input
Which of the following is NOT an output device?
a. Mouse
b. Monitor
c. Printer
d. Speakers
The resolution of a monitor is governed by the
a. size of the screen.
b. cost of the monitor.
c. number of pixels on the screen.
d. contrast of the pixels on the screen.
All of the following are important to consider when buying an LCD monitor EXCEPT
a. brightness.
b. pixel swap rate.
c. viewing angle.
d. resolution.
Restarting the system while the computer is running is called
a. a warm boot.
b. a standby start.
c. hibernation.
d. a cold boot.
An Ethernet port is used for connecting your computer to a
a. network.
b. printer.
c. monitor.
d. digital camera.
Which of the following devices is considered the “brains” of the computer?
a. ROM
b. Motherboard
c. RAM
d. CPU
Which of the following statements about hard drives is FALSE?
a. Hard drives are not always installed inside the system unit of a computer.
b. Hard drives are considered volatile storage devices.
c. External hard drives are often used for backups.
d. Hard drives are considered nonvolatile storage devices.
Why is an ergonomically correct setup for your computer system essential?
a. Reduces eyestrain
b. Prevents repetitive strain injuries
c. Complies with federal laws
d. a & b
e. b & c
f. All of the above
The terms data and information can be used interchangeably.
RAM is volatile storage that is located on the motherboard.
The CPU is located on the ROM board.
Firewire ports are the most popular port used for connecting peripherals to a computer.
Keeping your wrists flat while typing at a computer will help prevent repetitive strain injuries.
The set of programs on a computer that helps a user carry out tasks such as word processing, sending e-mail, balancing a budget, creating presentations, editing photos, taking an online course, and playing games
application software
An early version of a software program that is still under development; usually provided free of charge in return for user feedback
beta version
any copyrighted software that can be used for free
Programs for creating or editing two-dimensional line-based drawings
illustration software
Programs for editing photographs and other images
image-editing software
Documentation for a software product that is build directly into the software
integrated help
A single software program that incorporates the most commonly used tools of many productivity software programs into one integrated stand-alone program
integrated software application
Programs that enable a user to perform various tasks generally required in home, school, and business. Examples include word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, personal information management (PIM), and database programs
productivity software
Software that enables users to "test" the software by running it for a limited time free of charge
Violating a software license agreement by copying an application onto more computers than the license agreement permits
software piracy
A collection of software programs that have been bundled together as a package
software suite
Software that translates spoken words into typed text
speech-recognition software
An application program such as Microsoft Excel or Lotus 1-2-3 that enables a user to do calculations and numerical analyses easily
spreadsheet software
The set of minimum storage, memory capacity, and processing standards recommended by the software manufacturer to ensure proper operation of a software application
system requirements
The set of programs that enables a computer's hardware devices and application software to work together; it includes the operating system and utility programs
system software
A form included in many productivity applications that provides the basic structure for a particular kind of document, spreadsheet, or presentation
A step-by-step guide that walks you through the necessary steps to complete a complicated task
Programs used to create and edit written documents such as papers, letters, and resumes
word processing software
Application software
a. is another name for system software.
b. helps maintain the resources of the computer.
c. includes products like MS Office, tax software, and video editing packages.
d. Both A and C.
Which of the following is an example of a software suite?
a. Microsoft SharePoint
b. Google Docs
c. WordPerfect Office X3
d. None of the above is an example.
A Web-based software program is a(n)
a. stand-alone program developed to work exclusively for one company.
b. application designed specifically for a Web-based business or industry.
c. program that helps you design Web pages.
d. application that does not need to be installed but is run directly from the Web.
An integrated software application, such as Microsoft Works, is
a. an individual program.
b. meant only for business purposes.
c. sold in specific collections, which reduces the price.
d. only available in open source format.
The type of software you would use to help you coordinate many people on a single project is
a. project management.
b. spreadsheet.
c. database
d. system.
What software is the best for creating a newsletter?
a. Word-processing software
b. Desktop publishing software
c. Computer-aided design software
d. Media management software
ESRB is responsible for providing
a. licensing of entertainment software.
b. educational software standards.
c. ratings for game software.
d. resolution of complaints about software products.
Which of the following is true?
a. MP3 files contain audio data.
b. MP3 files are the only recognized format for digital audio.
c. Windows Media player is able to organize large collections of audio files.
d. Only A and C are true.
Where can you find help on how to use the software and solve specific software problems?
a. An index or subject directory found in the Help menu.
b. Documents of frequently asked questions.
c. Resources on the Web
d. All of the above
Once you install a shareware software program, you
a. have to pay an introductory fee.
b. can install it on all computers in your home.
c. can lend it to your friends as long as they are using it for academic purposes only.
d. can use the software legally until the trial period expires.
Microsoft SharePoint is a bundled package of word-processing, spreadsheet, database, and presentation software applications.
Open-source software such as Audacity is used to organize video files.
The best way to delete a program from your system is to delete the shortcut on the desktop.
When you buy software it’s yours to do whatever you’d like, including making a copy for a friend to have.
Web-application software runs from any computer without any installation from CD.
A collection of related pieces of information stored together for easy reference
A Windows utility that checks for lost files and fragments as well as physical errors on a hard drive
A program that takes out redundancies in a file to reduce the file size
file compression utility
The process by which humans or computer software provides organizational structure to a computer's contents
file management
A collection of files stored on a computer
An open source operating system based on UNIX. Because of the stable nature of this operating system, it is often used on Web servers
Apple Inc.'s operating system. In 1984, Mac OS became the first operating system to incorporate the user-friendly point-and-click technology in a commerically affordable computer; based on the UNIX operating system
Mac OS
The combination of a computer's operating system and processor.
A section of a hard drive platter, wedge-shaped from the center of the platter to the edge
The set of programs that enables a computer's hardware devices and application software to work together; it includes the operating system and utility programs
system software
A Windows utility that shows programs currently running and permits you to exit nonresponsive programs when you click End Task
Task Manager utility
A Windows utility that enables you to schedule tasks to run automatically at predetermined times with no interaction necessary on your part
Task Scheduler utility
A concentric circle that serves as a storage area on a hard disk drive platter
A small program that performs many of the general housekeeping tasks for the computer such as system maintenance and file compression
utility programs
The most recent version of Windows
The main tool for finding, viewing, and managing the contents of your computer by showing the location and contents of every drive, folder, and file
Windows Explorer
Open this to view all of the folders on your computer
PDAs use which category of operating system?
a. Single-user, single task
b. Multiuser, multitask
c. Single-user, multitask
d. Real-time
Which of the following would be found in a GUI operating system?
a. Icons
b. Windows
c. Scroll bars
d. All of the above
Virtual memory is
a. unlimited in capacity.
b. created by sectioning off an area of the hard drive.
c. another name for RAM.
d. synonmous with cache memory.
Plug and Play devices
a. don’t require drivers.
b. have drivers included in the Windows OS.
c. must be installed using Add/Remove Programs.
d. None of the above
Which of the following is NOT done during the boot process?
a. Checks that all attached devices are in place and working
b. Verifies the user’s login name and password
c. Loads the OS from the hard drive
d. Checks for customized settings put in place for the monitor and desktop
Swapping files from virtual memory back to RAM is known as
a. thrashing.
b. multitasking.
c. caching.
d. paging.
Which view option would be best to sort files by date modified and type of application?
a. Details
b. Tiles
c. Large Icons
d. All of the above
Which of the following file extensions indicates a file created by a program in the Office 2007 suite?
a. bioreport.xlsx
b. bioreport.docx
c. bioreport.pptx
d. All of the above
To return to a state when your OS was previously stable, which utility would you use?
a. System Restore
b. Disk Defragmenter
c. Windows Explorer
d. Disk Cleanup
Which utility is NOT an accessibility utility?
a. Magnifier
b. Narrator
c. Windows Speech Recognition
d. File Compresson
Restore points can be set manually.
Linux is a multi-user, multitasking operating system.
Open-source operating systems are expensive.
It is possible for a computer to run out of space in RAM.
All files deleted from any device end up in the Recycle Bin.
The time it takes a storage device to locate its stored data
access time
A type of wireless technology that uses radio waves to transmit data over short distances. Often used to connect peripherals such as printers and keyboards to computers or headsets to cell phones
Bluetooth technology
A drive that can both read data from and write data to CDs
CD-RW drive
The part of the system unit of a computer that is responsible for data processing (or the "brains" of the computer); it is the largest and most important chip in the computer
A circuit board with specific functions that augment the computer's basic functions and provide connections to other devices; examples include the sound card and video card
expansion card
A device that connects to one port, such as a universal serial bus (USB) port, to provide additional new ports; similar to a multiplug extension cord for electrical appliances
expansion hub
An interface based on a standard developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) with a transfer rates of 400 megabits per second or 800 megabits per second. Today, it is most commonly used to connect digital video devices such as digital cameras to the computer
A drive that plugs into a universal seria bus (USB) port on a computer and stores data digitally.
flash drive
A device that permanently stores programs and data.
hard drive
The technology used in flat-panel computer monitors
A common output device that displays text, graphics, and video as soft copies (copies that can be seen only on-screen)
A special circuit board in the system unit that contains the central processing unit (CPU), the memory (RAM) chips, and the slots available for expansion cards; all of the other boards (video cards, sounds cards, and so on) connect to it to receive power and to communicate
The computer's temporary storage space or short-term memory. It is located as a set of chips on the system unit's motherboard, and its capacity is measured in megabytes or gigabytes.
An expansion card that attaches to the motherboard inside the system unit and that enables the computer to produce sounds by providing a connection for the speakers and microphone
sound card
A special type of speaker designed to more faithfully reproduce low-frequency sounds
The process of looking at a computer's subsystems, what they do, and how they perform to determine whether the computer system has the right hardware components to do what the user ultimately wants it to do
system evaluation
The amount of RAM recommended for most systems today is measured in?
a. Gigabytes
b. Gigahertz
c. Megahertz
d. Kilobytes
When evaluating CPU performance, which is NOT a feature you need to consider?
a. Amount of cache memory
b. Speed of the processor
c. Speed of the front side bus
d. Size of the processor
RAM is classified as what kind of storage in a computer system?
a. Volatile
b. Nonvolatile
c. Permanent
d. Flash
Physical memory is:
a. the amount of RAM that is actually sitting on memory modules in your computer.
b. the memory needed to run the key components of the operating system.
c. the amount of space on the hard drive to temporarily store data when there isn’t enough RAM.
d. the memory stored on the hard drive.
From which location is it slowest to get data to the CPU for processing?
a. RAM
b. Cache memory
c. Hard drive
d. Virtual memory
Which of the following would you want to purchase if you’re looking for more than 100 GB of portable storage?
a. External hard drive
b. Apple iPod
c. Flash drive
d. Online storage account
Flash memory cards are NOT a form of storage for what kind of devices?
a. Portable media players
b. Notebook computers
c. Digital cameras
d. Personal digital assistants
Blu-ray technology is required to store what kind of media?
a. Standard definition video
b. High-definition video
c. Analog audio
d. Digital audio
Which of the following is becoming the most common port on a computer system because most peripheral devices connect to it?
a. Parallel port
b. Ethernet port
c. USB 2.0 port
d. Firewire port
Which of the following should you do to ensure the reliability of your system?
a. run Disk Defragmenter
b. run Disk Cleanup
c. install software upgrades and patches
d. All of the above
The Task Manager provides information for the Windows Vista operating system about programs and processes running on your computer.
Installing a second hard drive in your system will have an immediate impact on system performance if your system is memory bound.
Data is stored in the same manner on hard drives, CDs, and flash memory cards.
Video cards have their own separate memory and processor.
FireWire ports are used for Internet connectivity.