Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What was the quote from Plato?

Now everything that becomes or is created must of necessity be created by some cause, for without a cause nothing can be created.

What is the quote by Aristotle?

Everything that is in motion must be moved by something. For if it has not the source of its motion in itself it is evident that it is moved by something other than itself, for there must be something else that moves it.

What is the first quote from Aquinas?

God's effects ... are enough to prove that God exists, even if they may not be enough to help us comprehend what he is.

What is the second quote from Aquinas?

The first and more manifest way is the argument from motion ... It is necessary to arrive at a first mover, moved by no other.

What is the third quote from Aquinas?

The second way is from the nature of efficient cause... Therefore it is necessary to admit a first efficient cause.

What is the final quote by Aquinas?

The third way is taken from possibility and necessity ... Therefore we cannot but admit the existence some being having of itself its own necessity, and not receiving it from another, but rather causing in others their necessity.

What is the quote from Leibniz?

If you suppose the world eternal, you will suppose nothing but a succession of states and will not find in any of them a sufficient reason.

What is the quote by William Lane Craig?

Since everything that begins to exist has a cause of its existence, and since the universe began to exist, we conclude, therefore, the universe had a cause of its existence.

What is the quote by Ed Miller? infinite series of years can never go by or be completed...If the universe has always existed, then it has taken forever to reach this point. But then it could never reach this point.

What is cosmology?

The branch of physics and astrophysics that deals with the study of the origins and evolution of the universe

What is the cosmological argument?

An argument for the existence of God which seeks to prove that God is the cause of the universe

Why is the cosmological argument a posteriori?

It is based on observation and experience and draws it conclusions after having experience of the world.