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45 Cards in this Set

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Presence/multiplication in the blood

Septicemia/sepsis

Inflamed vessels


Invisible streaks under the skin on arms and legs

Lymphangitis

unusually swollen lymph nodes

lymphadenopathy

High toxicity due to cells dying and endotoxins being released into blood

septic shock/gram negative sepsis/endotoxic shock

exotoxic shock

TSS

What causes puerperal sepsis/childbirth fever?

Streptococcus pyogenes

Who is susceptible to puerperal sepsis?

women who have c-section or abortion

What causes infection of newborn

Streptococcus agalactiae

What causes subacute bacterial endocarditis?

alpha hemolytic streptococci

What causes acute bacterial endocarditis?

S. aureus

Inflammation of the sac around the heart caused by Streptococcus pyogenes

pericarditis

What causes Rheumatic fever?

Streptococcus pyogenes

What is Rheumatic fever?

immune reaction against M protein

What can happen if Rheumatic fever is not treated?

severe arthritis

What causes Tularemia/rabbit fever?

Francisella tularensis

How is Rheumatic fever transmitted?

It is not transmitted, it is an immune reaction

What is rabbit fever?

skin infection

How is rabbit fever transmitted?

Insects; deer fly infected from infected rabbit or squirrel

What causes Brucellosis?

Brucella abortus

What is the mode of transmission for Brucellosis?

direct contact

What causes anthrax infection

Bacillus anthracis

What are the two exotoxins in anthrax?

Edema (causes swelling), Lethal (kills cell)

How is cutaneous anthrax transmitted?

direct contact

How is gastrointestinal anthrax transmitted?

ingestion of endospores

What is the most dangerous type of anthrax?

Inhalation

What causes Gas Gangrene?

Clostridium perfringens

What is the treatment for Gas Gangrene?

Amputation; tissue removal

What does Bartonella henselae cause?

Cat scratch fever

What is the mode of transmission for cat scratch fever?

flea bite or contact with their saliva

What causes the plague?

Yersinia pestis

How is the bubonic plague transmitted?

flea bite

Once bubonic plague travels to the lungs, it is now:

pneumonic plague

How is the pneumonic plague transmitted?

respiratory route

What causes Lyme disease?

Borrelia burgdorferi

How is Lyme disease transmitted?

tick bite

What causes Rocky mountain spotted fever?

Rickettsia rickettsii

What is the mode of transmission for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?

Dermacentor ticks

What is the more dangerous form of Typhus?

Epidemic typhus

What is the mode of transmission of Epidemic typhus?

human body louse

What is the mode of transmission for Endemic murine typhus?

rat flea

What causes Epidemic typhus?

Rickettsia prowazekii

What causes endemic murine typhus?

Rickettsia typhi

What causes Ehrlichiosis?

Ehrlichia spp.

How is Ehrlichiosis transmitted?

ticks

Name 2 viruses caused by Epstein-Barr virus.

Burkitt's lymphoma; Infectious mononucleosis