• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A vaccine is available for which disease?
compared with the cost of disease management, vaccinations are __ expensive
far less
tetanus often begins with muscular contractions of the
jaw and neck
which disease is associated with several days of extreme malaise?
the live attenuated influenza vaccine LAIV is administered:
the viruses in influenza vaccines are grown in
Hep B is associated with acute and chronic inflammation of the
which provides the best protection against hep b virus infection?
seroconversion is affected by each of the following factors except one. which is the exception?
dental laboratory personnel should be vaccinated against HBV. Once vaccinated, the CDC recommends annual hep b booster injections
first statement true, the second is false
which injection regimen is customary for the tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis vaccinations
2,4, and 6 months.
which symptoms are associated with influenza?
fever, sore throat, and coughing
new influenza vaccines are developed___ times a year.
which vaccine immunizes against hep b, diphtheria and pertussis and tetanus
important "missing" vaccines include
hep c ,
immunizations combined with what to provide best protection?
screenings, and postexposure prophylaxis in some cases must be combined with other elements to provide the best level of protection to health care workers.
lock jaw is a severe disease with high case to fatility ratio.
usually are unvaccinated or are poorly vaccinated.
what is tetanus caused by?
any puncture or wound and is caused by the toxins (tetanospasimd) of clostridium tetani.
Tetanus is based on what
clinical diagnosis based on acute onset of hypertonia or painful muscular contractions.
Tetanus is a preventable disease
Tetanus toxoid (inactivated toxin) usually is given as part of a triple childhood immunization that includes diptheria and acellular pertussis (Tfap) vacines.
when is the Tdap vaccine given
may be given as early as 6 weeks of age but always before the age of 7.
common regimen includes injections 2, 4 and 6 months. At least 4 week interval must be allowed between each injection.
fourth dose is recommended at 15 to 18 months.
protection against preschool years.
scheme for booster shots?
an injection when a child is 4 to 6 years old.
another booster can be given when the child is 11 to 12 years old if 5 years have ben elapsed.
when does boosters need to be given
every 10 years. efficacy is considered to be nearly 100 percent.
routine tetanus booster immunization is usually combined with what?
diptheria toxoid
for all persons older than 7.
what is protection against tetanus based on?
the establishment and maintenance of adequate tetanus antitoxin levels and is achieved only through proper primary and routine booster injections.
(the flu) is an acute respiratory disease caused by influenza type A or B virus.
incubation period for influenza
1 to 4 days.
Hep B recombant vaccine for adults
Two doses IM 4 weeks apart, third dose 5 months after the second booster does not necessary
hep b immune globulin
0.06 as soon as possible after exposure (but no later than 7 days after exposure) 1 month later if hbv series has not been started.
Influenza features include
an abrupt onset fever, coryza, a sore throat, and nonproductive cough.
systemic symptoms such as headache, muscle aches, and extreme fatigue.
influenza can cause what
extreme malaise for several days.
acute symptoms usually last for 2 to 4 days.
however malaise and cough may persist for up to 2 weeks.
how is influenza transmitted
via aerosolized or droplet transmission from the respiratory tract of infected persons.
when is flu season?
November through April peak of activity from late Decet through end of march.
flu epidemics affect?
10 percent to 20 percent of population and are associated with an average of 36,000 deaths and 114,000 hospitalizations.
difference between cold and flu
how often is i new nfluenza changed
developed annualy two times a year northern hemisphere flu season( November through April)
ssouthern hemisphere ( May through October)
These trivalent vaccines consist of
three strains of influenza virus two type A one type B.
two types of trivalent influenza vaccines available what are they.
One is an inactivated (killed) influenza administered as a single dose intramusculary and the other
live attenuated (weakend) influenza vaccine (LAIV) administered intranasally.
LAIV is approved for who
only among nonpregnat healthy people ages 5 years to 49.
Health care workers who work with severely immunocompromised patients should what?
should not recieve LAIV
Inactivated inluenza vaccine is approved for what type of people
all persons older than age 6 months who lack vaccine contraindications including those with high risk conditions.
LAIV is contraindicated for:
LAIV contradicted for cont:
when properly administered, the influenza vaccine produces
high levels of protective antibodies in most children and young adults.
Protective barriers cannot eliminate all body fluid exposures, especially sharp injuries for what disease?
What is the best protection against HBV ?