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19 Cards in this Set

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_______________________ started on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, in response to the cutting of wages for the third time in a year by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O). Striking workers would not allow any of the stock to roll until this third wage cut was revoked. Governor Henry M. Mathews sent in state militia units to restore train service, but the soldiers refused to use force against the strikers and the governor called for federal troops.

Great Railroad Strike of 1877

The __________________________ was an industrial lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892. The battle was one of the most serious disputes in U.S. labor history

Homestead Strike

The ________________________ was organized by German-born labor radicals in protest of the killing of a striker by the Chicago police the day before. A bomb is thrown at a squad of policemen attempting to break up a labor rally. The police responded with wild gunfire

Haymarket Square Strike

The ______________________ was a nationwide railroad strike in the United States in the summer of 1894. It pitted the American Railway Union (ARU) against the Pullman Company, the main railroads, and the federal government of the United States under President Grover Cleveland.

Pullman Strike

Contracts whereby an employee as a condition of taking a job had to agree not to join a union or engage in any union organizing activities.

"Yellow dog contracts"

Law that outlawed "yellow dog contracts" and made it much more difficult for employers to obtain injunction forcing their striking workers back to work.

Norris-La Guardia Act of 1932 (Anti-Injunction Act)

The act specifically legalized unions and is also called the Magna Carta of the American labor movement.

Wagner Act of 1935 (NLRA)

Wagner excludes...

- Government employees

- Domestic servants

- Ag laborers

- Supervisors

Federal Administrative Agency to administer labor laws is the ________________________.

Also very political due to President appointees

National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)

This act came about due to Unions getting greedy during WWII and cut back on Union power.

Taft-Harley Act (Labor = Management Relations Act)

Hiring more workers than needed


Act passed by Congress to regulate the internal affairs of American labor unions

Landrum-Griffin Act of 1959

In general, for essential ___________ workers it is still illegal to go on strike.


A ________ ________ is a worker organisation which is dominated or influenced by an employer, and is therefore not an independent tradeunion.

Company Union

Letting things take their own course


Someone who goes to work during an ongoing strike.


A strategy in collective bargaining in which one of the parties "merely goes through the motions," with no intention of reaching an agreement. In this regard, it is a form of bad faith bargaining

Surface Barganining

Refers to certain actions taken by employers or unions that violate the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) and other legislation.

Unfair Labor Practice (ULP)

Workplace policy that forbids employees to discuss pay.

Workplace Pay Secrecy Rules