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34 Cards in this Set

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Age 30 Transition
Had an opportunity to work on the flaws and limitations of their first adult choices to create a more satisfactory life.
Temperament
A person's characteristics, biologically based emotional style of approaching and reacting to people and situations.
Adaptation
A range of behaviors to meet demands; includes developing habits to confront problems and manage frustrations and anxiety.
Aphasia
Involves damage to the speech and language centers in the brain; one of the consequences of a stroke, occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen; patients may be unable to produce meaningful speech or to understand spoken or written language.
Clinical Depression
A set of symptoms that includes depressed mood, loss of interest in pleasurable activities, loss of appetite, sleep disturbance, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness and guilt, difficulties in thinking and concentration, psychomotor disturbances, and suicidal notions.
Cognitive Psychology
The study of mental processes
Coping
A state of compatibility between the individual and the environment so that the individual maintains a sense of well-being or satisfaction with quality of life.
Creativity
A measure of divergent thinking; the production of alternative solutions to a problem or situation; most elusive mental process to define and measure.
Crystallized Intelligence
Intelligence based on the information, skills, and strategies that people have learned through experience; reflects accumulated past experience and socialization.
Dementia
A form of mental illness that mainly occurs in old age.
Early Adulthood
One of Levinson's developmental periods of adulthood; ages 17 to 45.
Early Adult Transition
One of Levinson's developmental stages; the era when childhood draws to a close; the developmental tasks are to begin forming and adult identity and separate from one's family or origin.
Encoding
A stage of memory when information that is learned is stored for later use.
Expansive Women
One of Apter's types of midlife women; these women sought fundamental change in their lives in midlife.
Eye Blink Classical Conditioning (EBCC)
The reflex that makes and individual blink when air is blown into the eye.
Fluid Intelligence
Refers to reasoning, memory, and information-processing skills; involves the ability to devise novel solutions to unforseen problems; required to identify relationships and to draw inferences on the basis of that understanding.
Innovative Women
One of Apter's types of midlife women; women who were pioneers in the men's world.
Intelligence
A measure of intellectual ability.
Learning
The process of acquiring knowledge and skills.
Long-term Memory
The permanent storage site for past experiences; involves the ability to recall distant people and events; helps people make meaningful connections between the past and the present.
Memory
the retention or storage of knowledge.
Middle Adulthood
One of Levinson's developmental stages; lasts from age 40 to 65 following midlife transition.
Midlife Transition
One of Levinson's developmental stages; terminates the year of early adulthood.
Parkinson's Disease
A chronic brain disorder that may occur as early as age 30 but is more commonly diagnosed among people 60 or older; signs include a slowing of movement, a stooped posture with the head forward, elbows flexed, a shuffling gait, slurred speech, and a noticeable tremor.
Personality Traits
The attributes used to measure all facets of personality - who were are and how we react to events in our environment.
Protestors
One of Apter's types of midlife women; had faced early responsibilities that constrained their first years of adulthood; sought ways to develop the spontaneity they had missed earlier.
Reality Orientation (RO)
A form of therapy often used in nursing homes with Alzheimer's patients; patients are continuously reminded of their names, the date, and current events.
Self-Concept
The organized and integrated perception of self; consists of such aspects as self-esteem, self-image, beliefs, and personality traits.
Short-term Memory
Working memory; a limited capacity system that keeps memory in consciousness; only lasts a few seconds.
Stroke
A rupture or obstruction of a blood vessel to the brain the damages brain tissue; symptoms include memory deficits, emotional liability, and depression.
Traditional Women
One of Apter's types of midlife women; stayed within the conventional feminine framework and defined themselves in terms of their family roles.
Trait Theory
A theory that everyone has most personality traits to some degree, but that everyone also has a core group of traits that define his or her personality, defining traits include five major factors: neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness.
Vascular Dementia
A common form of dementia; results from the cumulative effect of a number of small strokes, which eventually impair brain functioning; symptoms include blackouts, heart problems, kidney failure, and hypertension.
Wisdom
The acquisition of practical expertise in everyday life.