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27 Cards in this Set

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General ideas that enable the categorization of unique stimuli as related to one another

Classical approach

Concepts are defined by a set of singly necessary and jointly sufficient features

Rule-governed concepts

specify the features and relations that define membership in the class on an all-or-none basis

classical view

object concepts

natural (biological) objects and artifacts (man-made) objects

often organized hierarchically

theoretical; ill-defined


best or most typical example of a mental representation of the concept

family resemblance structure

characteristic of object concepts that are defined by a large number of features that apply to SOME but not ALL

contrasts w/ rule-governed concepts

typicality effect

differences in how well specific instances represent a concept

folk theories

commonsense explanations of scientific phenomena as opposed to theories based on scientific facts

damage to anterior region of left temporal cortex

problems naming the faces of famous people


damage to inferotemporal cortex (lower region)

problems naming animals


damage to posterior region of left temporal cortex

problems naming tools



cognitive structure that organizes related concepts & integrates past events


schemas that represent the physical structure of the environment


schemas that represent routine activities

sequential in nature & involve social interaction


mental representation of another mental representation

thinking about thinking

theory of mind

human ability to infer that others have mental states, like ourselves

develops between ages 2-4


inability to understand that others have mental representations

imaginal code

concrete means of mental representation that directly conveys perceptual qualities

propositional code

abstract means of mental representation not linked to sensory modality

functional equivalence hypothesis

visual imagery is mentally represented and functions the same as perception


the smallest unit of knowledge that one can sensibly judge to be true or false

latent semantic analysis (LSA)

mathematical procedure for automatically extracting & representing the meanings of propositions expressed in a text

semantic network model

subordinate, basic, & super-ordinate levels of concepts and their associated features

cognitive economy assumption

features of a concept are represented ONLY ONCE at either subordinate, basic, or super-ordinate level


a set of syndromes for each noun, verb, adjective, or adverb in the language

feature comparison model

assumes that semantic memory includes characteristic & defining features of concepts

category size effect

more time is needed to respond when the semantic category is large than when it is small