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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Aging Index

the number of people aged 65 years and older per 100 children aged zero to 14 in a given population


A serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles.

Arithmetic Density

A measure of total population relative to land size. This is also called population density.


A periodic and official count of a country's population.

Child Mortality Rate

The recording of the deaths of children between the ages of 1 through 5 per thousand.

Chronic Disease

Also known as degenerative disease. This is a malady of longevity and old age. An example is heart disease;.

Crude Birth Rate

The number of births per year per thousand people.

Crude Death Rate

The number of deaths per year per thousand

Demographic Transition

The shift in population growth.

Dot Map

A common type of map used to display population. One mark is equal to a certain amount of people in an area.

Doubling Time

The amount of time that it takes a population to multiple by 2.


A disease that spreads over a small area.

Eugenic Population Policy

A policy that some governments have engaged in which is designed to favor one racial or culture sector of the population over others.

Expansive Population Policy

A policy held by the former Soviet Union and some other communist societies in which large families were encouraged in order to increase the RNI.

Genetic Disease

Also known as inherited disease. This is an illness that can be traced back through ancestry such as sickle-cell anemia or hemophilia.

Infant Mortality Rate

One of the leading measures of the condition of a country's population. This is the number of baby's who die during the first year of life per thousand life births.

Infectious Disease

About 65% of all diseases fall under this category. These result from an invasion of parasites that multiple within the body. An example is Malaria.

Life Expectancy

The average number of years that someone may expect to stay alive.


A huge urban area that has extremely large populations.

One-child Policy

A program established by the Chinese government in 1979 to slow population growth in China.

Physiological Density

A measure of population density that is found by dividing the total number of people by the area of ARABLE land.

Population Composition

Aspects that make up a population. These can include sex, age, marital status, and education.

Population Density

A measure of total population relative to land size.

Population Distribution

Descriptions of locations on the Earth's surface where individuals or groups live.

Population Pyramid

This is a visual representation of the composition of a population in teems of age and sex.

Rate of Natural Increase

The difference between the number of births and number of deaths

Restrictive Population Policy

A policy that us now generally enforced by the majority of the world's governments. This policy range from toleration and promotion of birth control to prohibition of large families. China's "One-Child Policy" is an example of this.

Stage Five

This is a stage if the demographic transition characterized by a declining population. Birth rates continue to fall and drop below death rates. Death rates remain steadily low.

Stage Four

This is a stage of the demographic transition characterized by a decrease in population growth. The birth rate continue to fall while the death rates remain steadily low.

Stage One

This is a stage of demographic transition characterized by low population growth. There are high birth rates and death rates in this stage.

Stage Three

This is a stage of the demographic transition characterized by a population explosion. Birth rates remain high although they begin to fall. Death rates are very low (still decreasing but close to leveling off.)

Stage Two

This is the stage of demographic transition characterized by increased population growth. There are high birth rates and declining death rates.

Stationary Population Level

A term abbrev. SPL that refers to a theory that the global population will stop growing some time during the 21st century and reach this stage.

Thomas Malthus

A man that believed that the world's population was increasing faster than the food supply needed to sustain it. He thought that food supplies grew LINEAR and that population grew EXPONENTIALLY.

Total Fertillity Rate

Average number of children born to a woman during her lifetime. A TFR of 2.1 or higher indicates a stable population.

Zero Population Growth

A state in which a population is maintained at a constant level because the number of deaths is exactly offset by the number of births.