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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abnormal psychology
harmful dysfunction where behavior is judge to be atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable
early theories
abnormal behavior was evil spirits trying to get out, trephining was often used
diagnostic statistic manual of mental disorders; big book of disorders
- classifies disorders and describes the symptoms
-will not explain causes or possible cures
neurotic disorders
distressing but on can still function in society and act normally
psychotic disorders
person loses contact with reality and experiences distorted perceptions
anxiety disorders
conditions where anxiety or defenses against anxiety, patient fears something awful will happen to them, they're in a state of intense fear
person experiences sudden episodes of intense dread, irrational fear, more than 1000 of them
generalized anxiety disorder
-a person is continually tense, apprehensive and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
-patient is constantly tense and worried, feels inadequate, oversensitive, can't concentrate, suffers from insomnia
panic disorder
marked by a minutes-long episode of intense dread where a person experiences terror, chest pain, choking, and other frightening situations
obsessive compulsive disorder
persistent unwanted thoughts that cause someone to feel the need to engage in a particular action
post-traumatic stress
flashbacks or nightmares following a person's involvement in or observation of an extremely stressful event
somatoform disdorder
occur when a person manifests a psychological problem through a physiological symptom
frequent physical for which medical doctors are unable to locate the cause
minor issues are indicative for more severe illnesses
conversion disorder
existence of severe physical problems with no biological reason
dissociative disorder
involve disruption in the conscious process
psychogenic amnesia
person cannot remember things with no physiological basis for disruption in memory
-retrograde amnesia
dissociative fugue
people with psychogenic amnesia that find themselves in an unfamiliar environment
dissociative identity disorder
person has several rather than one integrated personality
people with DID commonly have a history of child abuse or trauma
major depression
unipolar depression
unhappy for at least two weeks with no apparent cause
depression is common cold of psychological disorders
seasonal affective disorder
experience depression during winter months
based on amount of sunlight, treated with light therapy
dipolar disorder
involve periods of depression and manic episodes
manic episodes involve feelings of high energy
engage in risky behavior during manic episode
personality disorder
well established, maladaptive ways of behaving that negatively effect people's ability to function
dominates their personality
antisocial personality disorder
lack of empathy, little regard for other's feelings, view the world as hostile and look out for themselves
dependent personality disorder
rely too much on attention and help of others
histrionic personality disorder
needs to be center of attention
whether acting silly or dressing provocatively
narcissistic personality disorder
having an unwarranted sense of self importance
thinking that you are the center of the universe
obsessive compulsive disorder
overly concerned with certain thoughts and performing certain behaviors
not as extreme as ocd anxiety
schizophrenic disorders
about 1 in every 100 people are diagnosed with schizophrenia
symptoms of schizophrenia:
disorganized thinking
disturbed perceptions
inappropriate emotions and actions
disorganized thinking
the thinking of a person with Schizophrenia is fragmented and bizarre and distorted with false beliefs
disorganized thinking comes from a breakdown in selective attention - cannot filter out information
delusions of persecution
delusions of grandeur
disturbed perceptions
hallucination of sensory experiences without sensory stimulation
inappropriate emotions and actions
laugh at inappropriate times
flat effect: lack of emotion
senseless, compulsive acts
catatonia: motionless waxy flexibility
positive vs. negative symptoms
positive: presence of inappropriate symptoms
negative: absence of appropriate symptoms
disorganized schizophrenia
disorganized speech or behavior, or flat or inappropriate emotion
clang associations: focus on sound, not meaning (speaking)
paranoid schizophrenia
preoccupation with delusions or hallucinations
somebody is out to get me!
catatonic schizophrenia
flat effect
waxy flexibility
parrot like repeating of another's speed and movements
other disorders
sadist, masochist
eating disorders
substance use disorders
the rosenhan study
rosenhan's associates were malingering symptoms of hearing voices
they were all admitted for schizophrenia
none were exposed as impostors
they all left diagnosed with schizophrenia in remission
used to be that if someone exhibited abnormal behavior, they were institutionalized
because of new drugs and better therapy, the US went to a policy of deinstitutionalization
psychoanalytic therapy
unconscious transference
other therapies will result in symptom substitution
humanistic therapy
client-centered therapy by carl rogers
these are non-directive therapies and use active listening
self-actualization, free will and unconditional positive regard
Gestalt Therapy by Fritz Perls encourages clients to get in touch with whole self
Behavioral Therapies
-classical conditioning
--aversive conditioning
--systematic desensitization
-operant conditioning
--token economy
cognitive therapy
change the way we view the world

Aaron Beck
Albert Ellis and Rational Emotive Therapy
antipsychotics - thorazine, haldol
anti-anxiety - valium, barbiturates, xanax
mood disorders - serotonin, reuptake inhibitors
bipolar - lithium
somatic therapy
electroconvulsive therapy - for depression (a brief electric current)
psychosurgery (remove/destroy brain tissues to change behavior)
prefrontal lobotomy (cut nerves in brain to control inner brain)
group therapy
therapist-led small groups
cheaper, work better on family, group issues
social context - self-help, support group