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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 3 major categories of therapists' procedures?
Insight, Behavior, and Biomedical
Who seeks treatment more: Males or females?
No, females seek treatment more
Who seeks treatment more: Whites, Hispanics or Blacks?
Whites --> Hispanics --> Blacks
Who seeks treatment more: Insured or Uninsured?
Who seeks treatment more: those with more education or less education?
More. Those who go forward in their education tend to seek treatment more than those who don't.
Clinical psychologists and Counseling psychologists
Specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and everyday behavioral problems
Physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
What are other professions that provide treatment?
Clinical social workers, Psychiatric nurses, Counselors, and Marriage and Family therapists
What are the goals of therapy?
- Reaching a diagnosis
- Proposing a cause (etiology)
- Make a prognosis
- Treatment
What are the types of therapy?
Eclectic/ Integrative 27%
Cognitive 24%
Psychoanalytic 18%
Behavioral 13%
Other 15%
Humanistic 3%
Insight therapies
Involve verbal interactions intended to enhance clients' self-knowledge and thus promote healthful changes in personality and behavior
An insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference
What are some therapeutic procedures used in psychoanalysis?
Probing the Unconscious
Resistance and Transference
Modern Psychodynamic Treatments
Free association
Clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feelings exactly as they occur, with as little censorship as possible (Probing the Unconscious)
- Patient just freely talking
Dream analysis
The therapist interprets the symbolic meaning of the client's dreams (Probing the Unconscious
- Patients recall dreams by writing them down or talking about them
Psychodynamic Approach (Problem and Goal)
Problem: forbidden id impulses are trying to break through
Goal: bringing the conflicts to consciousness, where they can be confronted and worked through
Client-centered therapy
An insight therapy that emphasizes providing a supportive emotional climate for clients, who play a major role in determining the pace and direction of their therapy
Group therapy
The simultaneous treatment of several clients in a group
Couples or marital therapy
Involves the treatment of both partners in a committed relationship, intimate relationship, in which the main focus is on the relationship issues
Family therapy
Involves the treatment of a family unit as a whole, in which the main focus is on family dynamics and communication
Behavioral Approach (Problem and Goal)
Problem: Problematic learning contingencies
Goal: Create more adaptive contingencies
What are 2 types of behavioral techniques?
Gradual exposure and Systematic Desensitization
Systematic desensitization
A behavior therapy used to reduce client's phobic responses
Relaxation + Exposure (teaching relaxation techniques)
(Behavior Therapies)
Exposure therapies
Clients are confronted with situations that they fear so that they learn that these situations are really harmless
(Behavior Therapies)
Aversion therapy
Uses classical conditioning to create a negative response to a stimulus that has elicited problematic behavior
(Behavior Therapies)
Social skills training
A behavior therapy designed to improve interpersonal skills that emphasizes modeling, behavioral rehearsal, and shaping
(Behavior Therapies)
Cognitive-behavioral treatments
Use combinations of vernal interventions and behavior modification techniques to help clients change maladaptive patterns of thinking
Cognitive therapy
Specific strategies to correct habitual thinking errors that underlie various types of disorders
Cognitive Approach (Problem and Goal)
Problem: inappropriate thinking (Cognitive distortions)
Goal: clarify distorted cognitions and learn appropriate ways of thinking
Treatment: Cognitive restructuring (replacing distorted patterns of thinking with more adaptive patterns)
Humanistic Approach (Problem and Goal)
Problem: Incongruence between actual and ideal selves
Goa: become more congruent by increasing self-acceptance
Biomedical therapies
Physiological interventions intended to reduce symptoms associated with psychological disorders
Biological Approaches (Problem and Goal)
Problem: physical problem
Goa: correct the underlying biological malfunction
Antianxiety drugs
Which reduce tension, apprehension and nervousness; works over a few hours
EX: Valium and Xanax
Antipsychotic drugs
Used to gradually reduce psychotic symptoms, including hyperactivity, mental confusion, hallucinations, and delusions; decreases activity at dopamine synapses
EX: Thorazine, haldol
What happens when people have too much or too little dopamine?
Too much: Hallucinations and delusions
Too little: Motor Problems (Parkinson's Disease)
Tardive dyskinesia
Neurological disorder marked by involuntary writhing and ticlike movements of the mouth, tongue, face, hands, or feet
- Occurs over long time of taking medication
Antidepressant drugs
Gradually elevate mood and help bring people out of a depression
EX: Prozac, Zoloft
Mood stabilizers
Drugs that are used to control mood swings in patients with bipolar mood disorders
EX: Lithium, Depakote
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
Biomedical treatment in which electric shock is used to produce a cortical seizure accompanies by convulsions
Involves drawing ideas from two or more systems of therapy instead of committing to just one system
Mental hospital
Medical institution specializing in providing inpatient care for psychological disorders
Refers to transferring the treatment of mental illness from inpatient institutions to community-based facilities that emphasize outpatient care