The first records of depression appeared in Mesopotamian texts from around 2000 B.C. These texts stated that the cause of this illness was demonic possession. Named melancholia after the gloomy sadness it caused. Found in texts throughout history were some of the treatments that were used to try and treat the illness. Early Babylonians, Chinese, and Egyptians believed mental illness was caused by demons, which led them to performing harsh exorcism techniques, …show more content…
It includes emotional, physical, mental, and spiritual aspects(Cleveland).
Behavioral therapy is used to help patients with phobic disorders overcome their fears through desensitization which involves exposure to whatever causes their anxiety("Different Approaches to Psychotherapy."). This form of therapy helps the patient overcome the actual cause of anxiety instead of just covering up the symptoms. Though not pleasant for the patient, it has longer lasting effects and helps them learn ways to face their fears for the future.
Created by Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s, cognitive therapy is a form of psychotherapy that is used to help people realize that what they think about affects their moods and come up with ways to cope with the way they’re feeling. Cognitive behavioral therapy includes things such as finding coping mechanisms and facing fears to help alleviate anxiety and stress. There are three main goals therapists have, first is to help patients determine what triggers the upsetting emotions, second is to help them distance themselves from the thoughts that are associated with the triggers, and third is to question the validity of those thoughts and beliefs(DeRubeis, Robert J. "Cognitive Therapy). Through cognitive therapy patients learn to develop new ideas of what is and isn’t a rational cause for being upset which in the long run helps them push aside the irrational, upsetting thoughts, leading to a happier, less stressful