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10 Cards in this Set

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This is a one-week training and diet regimen that enables the muscles to store extra glycogen before a competition.


_______ _______ is the primary stimulus for glycogen synthesis because it increases the amount of glycogen synthase.

Endurance Training

Carbohydrate loading may not be suitable in some athletes why?

Carbohydrate loading may not be beneficial for athletes who are at risk for heart disease - they have high blood pressure, diabetes or high triglycerides.

Why is it that excess protein can lead to dehydration ?

It is because water is needed to eliminate the nitrogenous protein breakdown products in the urine.

The Zone Diet what is it?

Describes a diet consisting of 40% carbohydrate, 30% protein and 30% fat.

what are the short comings of the zone diet ?

It is very low in energy, (the diet provides half of an athletes energy).

It contains excessive nitrogen which can lead to dehydration.

Has insufficient carbohydrate ( this is the limiting factor for fatigue)

Although athletes have a higher need for some vitamins and minerals, what can they do instead of consuming supplements?

Eating a well balanced diet. They need to consume nutrient dense foods.

There is scientific evidence that vitamin/mineral supplementation improves the performance in adequately nourished individuals. Is this true or false


Nutrient interactions may cause a deficiency; how so ?

Nutrients compete with each other for absorption, Calcium magnesium, zinc and iron and iron all compete with each other. Too much of one can inhibit the absorption of others.

Depletion of the body water is called __________? It is the most common reason for poor performances by athletes. Water loss of 1% of body weight can have detrimental effects on performance