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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs
heart failure (HF)
Mass of undissolved matter circulating in the blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel
quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions, especially of the heart, causing ineffectual contractions
arrest of bleeding or circulation
excessive amounts of lipids (cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides) in the blood
common disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure persistently exceeding 140 mm Hg systolic or 90mm Hg diastolic
hypertension HTN
HTN in which there is no identifiable commonly correctable cause
primary HTN
HTN that results from an underlying, identifiable commonly correctable cause
secondary HTN
any heart disorder caused by prolonged HTN, including left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias, and heart failure
hypertensive heart disease
implantable battery-powered device that monitors and automatically corrects ventricular trachycardia or fibrillation by sending electrical impulses to the heart
implantable cardioverterdefibrillator ICD
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
common and occasionally serious condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole causing a characteristic murmur heard on auscultation
mitral valve prolapse MVP
chemical radioactive material used as a tracer to follow substance through the body or a structure
ECG taken with small portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hrs of ECG tracings
Holter monitor test
ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions
stress test (Holter monitor test)
ECG that utilizes a radioisotope to evaluate coronary blood flow
nuclear (Holter monitor test)
Blood test that measures troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine kinase (CK-MB)
cardiac enzyme studies
series of tests (total cholesteral, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, and triglycerides) used to assess risk factors of ischemic heart disease
lipid panel
radiographic imaging of the heart and blood vessels after injections of a contrast dye
angiography to determine the degree of obstruction of the arteries that supply the blood to the heart
coronary angiography
angiography in which two radiographic images are obtained, the first one without contrast material and the second one after a contrast material has been injected, and then compared by a computer that digitally subtracts the images of soft tissues, bones, and muscles, leaving only the image of vessels with contrast
digital subtraction angiography
radiological examination of the aorta and its branches following injection of a contrast medium via a catheter
noninvasive diagnostic method that uses ultrasound to visualize internal cardiac structures and produce images of the heart
echocardiography ECHO
noninvasive adaptation of ultrasound technology in which blood flow velocity is assessed in different areas of the heart
Doppler ultrasound
noninvasive technique that uses radiowaves and a strong magnetic field, rather than x-ray beam , to produce multi-planar cross sectional images of blood vessels
magnetic resonance imaging MRI
nuclear procedure that uses radioactive tracers to produce movie-like images of the structures of the heart, including the myocardium and the mitral and tricuspid valves
multiple-gated acquisition MUGA
imaging technique that provides a graphic display of heart sounds and murmur during the cardiac cycle
diagnostic test that uses radiation emitted by the body after an injection of radioactive substances to create images of various organs or identify body functions and diseases
scintigraphy procedure that uses injected radioactive thallium and records the uptake of the isotope with a gamma camera to produce an image
thallium study (resting)
Radiography of a vein after injection of a contrast medium to detect incomplete filling of a vein, which indicates obstruction
injection of a chemical irritant (sclerosing agent) into a vein to produce inflammation and fibrosis that destroys the lumen of the vein
procedure to restore normal rhythm of the heart by applying a controlled electrical shock to the exterior of the chest
technique used to block blood flow to a site by passing a catheter to the area and injecting a synthetic material or medication specially designed to occlude the blood vessel
procedure that alters a vessel through surgery or dilation of the vessel using a balloon catheter
surgical procedure that uses a vessel graft from another part of the body to bypass the blocked part of a coronary artery and restore blood supply to the heart muscle
coronary artery bypass graft CABG
dilation of an occluded vessel using a balloon catheter under fluoroscopic guidance
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty PTCA
removal of material from an occluded vessel using a specially designed catheter fitted with a cutting or grinding device
removal and examination of a small piece of tissue for diagnostic purposes
removal and examination of a segment of an arterial vessel wall to confirm inflammation of the wall or arteritis, a type of vasculitis
arterial biopsy
destruction of conduction tissue of the heart to interrupt the abnormal conduction pathway causing the arrhythmia, thus allowing normal heart rhythm to resume
catheter ablation
surgical separation of the leaflets of the mitral valve, which have fused together at their "commissures" (points of touching)
localized abnormal dilation of a vessel, usually an artery
condition of bringing to a stop
loss of effective cardiac function which results in cessation of circulation
cardiac arrest
cessation of the circulation of blood due to ventricular standstill or fibrillation
circulatory arrest
inability of the heart to maintain a normal sinus rhythm possibly including a rapid or slow beat or skipping a beat; also called dysrhythmia
soft blowing sound heard on auscultation possibly due to vibrations associated with the movement of blood, valvular action, or both; also called murmur
any disease or weakening of a heat myo that diminishes cardiac function
thin, flexible, hollow plastic tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubular structure
narrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta
blood clot that forms in deep veins of the body, especially those in the legs or thighs
deep vein thrombosis DVT
calculation of how much blood a ventricle can eject with on contraction
ejection fraction EF
procedure used to remove or treat varicose veins
laser ablation
tying a varicose vein (ligation) followed by removal (stripping) of the affected segment
ligation and stripping
surgical procedure performed on or within the exposed heart usually with the assistance of a heart-lung machine
open heart surgery
puncturing of the pericardium to remove excess fluid from the pericardial sac or to test for protein, sugar, and enzymes or determine the causative organism of pericarditis
destruction of a blood clot using anti clotting agents called clot-busters, such as tissue plasminogen activator
incision of a valve to increase the size of the opening; used in treating mitral stenosis
infusion of a thrombolytic agent into a vessel to dissolve a blood clot
intravascular thrombolysis
puncture of a vein by a needle attached to a syringe or catheter to withdraw a specimen of blood; also called phlebotomy