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35 Cards in this Set

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A belief that may or may not be true within a project. Weather is an example of an assumption in construction projects.

Change request

A documented request to add to or remove from the project scope. A change request may be initiated to change an organizational process asset, such as a template or a form.

Closing process group

The project management process group that contains the activities to close out a project and project contracts.


A condition, rule, or procedure that restricts a project manager's options. A project deadline is an example of a constraint.

Corrective action

A corrective action brings project work back into alignment with the project plan. A corrective action may also address a process that is producing errors.

Cost baseline

The aggregation of the project deliverables and their associated costs. The difference between the cost estimates and the actual cost of the project identifies the cost variance.

Defect repair

The activity to repair a defect within the project.

Deming's PDCA cycle

Standard project management is based on Deming's plan-do-check-act cycle, which describes the logical progression of project management duties.

Enterprise environmental factors

Any external or internal organizational factors that can affect project success. These include the culture, organizational structure, resources and commercial databases the project will use, market conditions, and your project management software.

Executing process group

The project management process group that provides the activities to carry out the project management plan to complete the project work.

Initiating process group

The project management process group that allows a project to be chartered and authorized.

Issue log

A record of the issue, its characteristics, the issue owner, and a target date for resolving the issue.

Manage project team

The project manager must, according to enterprise environmental factors, manage the project team to ensure that they are completing their work assignments with quality and according to plan.

Manage stakeholder expectations

This process is based on what the stakeholders expect from the project and on project communications from the project manager.

Monitoring and controlling process group

The project management process group oversees, measures, and tracks project performance.

Organizational process assets

The methodology an organization uses to perform its business, as well as the guidelines, procedures, and knowledge bases, such as the lessons learned documentation from past projects and any relevant historical information.

Planning process group

The project management process group that creates the project management plan to execute, monitor and control, and close the project.

Preventive action

A risk-related action that avoids risk within the project. A workaround to a problem within your project is an example of a preventive action.


A set of integrated activities to create a product, result, or service. Project management processes allow the project to move toward completion.

Product process

A process that is unique to the type of work creating the product of the project. It can also be unique to the performing organization of the project.

Project calendar

The calendar that documents when the project work can occur.

Project charter

A document that comes from outside of the project boundaries and authorizes the existence of a project.

Project deliverable

The output of the project

Project scope statement

The project scope defines the project, the project deliverables, product requirements, project boundaries, acceptance procedures, and scope control.

Resource calendar

The calendar that documents which project resources are available for the project work.

Risk register

A central repository of the project risks and their attributes.


An uncertain event or condition that can have a negative or positive impact on the project.

Rolling wave planning

Iterations of planning throughout the project life cycle.

Schedule baseline

The expected timeline of the project. The difference between the planned schedule and the experience schedule reveals schedule variances within the project.

Scope baseline

The sum of the project deliverables. The project scope statement, the WBS, and the WBS dictionary are called the project scope baseline. The differences between the WBS and what is created is a scope variance.


A person or group that is affected by the project or that may affect the group. They can be positive, negative, or neutral in their attitude toward the project success.

Stakeholder engagement

The project manager and project team aim to keep the project stakeholders engaged and involved in the project to ensure that decisions, approvals, and communications are maintained as defined in the stakeholder management plan and the stakeholder management strategy.

WBS dictionary

A document that defines every identified element of the WBS.

Work breakdown structure (WBS)

A breakdown of the project scope.


An immediate response to a negative risk within the project. This is an example of a corrective action.