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101 Cards in this Set

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Spermatogenesis occurs where
Seminiferous Tubules
Testosterone is secreted by:
Leydig cells
Semen buffer the pH of vaginal fluid by making it:
Less acidic
Seminal vesicles secrete:
nutrient solution (fructose)
3 phases of male sexual response:
Erection
Emission
Ejaculation
Male gonad:
Testis located in scrotum
Coiled tubes outside of testis buy inside scrotal sack where sperm is stored:
Epididymis
Sperm production begins at:
Puberty
Sperm cells only live for:
30 days
These make sperm by spermatogenesis meiosis:
(Run parallel to one another)
Seminiferous Tubules
Cells Between Seminiferous Tubules and sitll in testis that form testosterone:
Leydig cells
Sperm storage tube:
Epidimus
Epididimus straightens out into a tube called the:
Vas Deferens
Vas Deferens moves through a tunnel of tissue in the pelvic wall called the:
Ingunal cannal
Vas deferens connects with the ______ at the base of the urinary bladder.
urethra
Tubes draining out of the kidney into urinary bladder:
Ureter
Urethra opens up at the tip of the penis called:
Urethral orifice
Single tube that travels down the length of the penis is called:
Urethra
Semen is created in the glands called:
Seminal Vesicles (x2)
The vas deferens carries sperm out of the scrotal sack, sperm travels up the vas deferens, when vas deferens goes by the seminal vesicles a tube merges with vas deferens and then the tube opens up into:
urethra
Semen is a thick solution, thick is also known as:
viscus
Semen consists of how many sperm cells:
300 million
Sperm cells plus the secretion of 3 glands:
Seminal Vesicles (2x)
Prostate Gland (1x)
Bulbaurethral gland (2x)
Urethra goes through the center of the _______ gland:
Prostate
the gland that secrets a milky white fluid with a pH of about 7 to buffer the acidity of the vaginal fluids
Prostate gland
The gland that produces a slimy mucus which lubricates the urethra and allows semen to slip and slide
Bulbourethral glands
the gland that produces nutrient rich solution that provides nutrients to sperm cells:
Seminal Vesicles
3 Stages of male sexual response:
Erection
Emission
Ejaculation
Stimulation to the glands of the penis that lead to an:
Erection
Erection causes:
Vascular Changes
Vascular changes include:
Increase blood flow into erectile columns
Decrease in blood flowing out of penis
Blood flows into what part of penis to make it erect:
Erectile Columns
Another word for limp penis:
Flaccid
Semen can leak out of penis during:
Emission
Semen forms in the urethra during and semen forming glands become active during:
Emission
Smooth muscles in wall of Epidimus and Vas deferens contracts and moves sperm cells from Vas deferens into the urethra during:
Emission
The male is or is not aware of Emission:
Is not
Skeletal muscles at the base of the penis contracts and relaxes during (4-6x):
Ejaculation
Orgasm occurs during
Ejaculation
Physical changes during Ejaculation:
Increase blood pressure
Increase Heart rate
Increase breathing rate
Increase brain release of feel good chemicals (extacy)
Male sterilization procedure:
Vasectomy
The doctor that performs a vasectomy:
Urologist or cosmetic surgeon
Someone who takes a woman through pregnancy:
Gynecologist or Obstetrician (OBGYN)
Gonad in the female: located in abdominal cavity
Ovary
Ovary is the site of ________ where all the eggs are formed:
oogenesis
All the the female eggs are formed in:
Fetal ovaries; a woman is born with all their eggs
Each time a menstrual cycle occurs:
Ovulate an egg from the ovary
An egg ovulates an egg from ovary into:
The fallopian tube
Several days of when a woman is bleeding and using a tampon
Period
Eggs are produced during fetal life are all found in outer most part of the ovary just beneath the surface is called:
Ovarian Cortex
Eggs are surrounded by a single layer of cells called:
Follicle cells
Egg and follicle cells together make up:
Ovarian follicle
A time in a woman's like when she runs out of ovarian follicles:
Menopause
Every menstrual cycle ovarian follicles develop and release an egg into fallopian tubes and ____ ovarian follicles die:
1000
Opening of the Vagina
Vaginal Orifice
Loomen of the uterus
Utirian Cavity
Site of fertilization
Fallopian Tubes (oviducts)
Cuts of the fallopian tubes:
Tubal ligation
Egg is released from ovary onto surface of ovary and into fallopian tube:
Ovulation
used to remove cells from the cervix to check for cervical cancer:
PAP smear
Structure of Uterine Wall
Perimetrium (Outer) (Not important)
*Myometrium (Thickest Layer)

Endometrium (Lining of Uterine cavity)
Contracts forcefully at childbirth in response to the pituiatry release of oxytocin to expel the newborn
Myometrium
Contains smooth muscle that contract at childbirth:
Myometrium
Lining of the uterus
Endometrium
Parts of Endometrium (layers)
Stratum Basale
Stratum Functionalis
Each menstrual cycle, the stratum basale grows the:
stratum functionalis
Grows out from the stratum basale and as it does:
The endometrium thickens and blood vessels grow into stratum functionalis
basale cells divide by mitosis and grow:
a functionalis layer
Functionalis and basale cells make up:
lining of the uterus
cells of stratum functionalis die and are shed into the:
Utirian cavity
28 days long, begins at puberty ends at menopause
Reproductive Cycle
2 phases of reproductive cycle:
Ovarian Phase
Menstral phase
E/P and ovulation
Ovarian Phase
Endometrium of uterus
Menstral phase
Stimulates ovarian follicle to develop
FSH
stimulates ovulation (day 14)
LH
Secretes estrogen
ovarian follicle
When ovarian follicle splits open and releases egg to surface of ovary
Ovulation
After ovulation Ovarian follicle is known as
Corpus luteum
Secrets estrogen and progesterone
Corpus Luteum
secreted by cells of ovarian follicle and corpus ludeum
Estrogen
Stimulate basal cels of endometrium to grow a functionalis larger; causes endometrium to thicken and vascularize
Estrogen
Gets secreted by corpus ledeum only (hormone of pregnancy):
Progesterone
Prepares uterus for possible pregnancy
Progesterone
Blocks action of progesterone
Abortion pill
Stimulates cells in endometrium to secrete nutrients that provide nutrients to embryo
Progesterone
Gland that secretes hormones such as FSH and LH
Pituitary gland
Stimulates ovulation at the mid-point
LH
Stages of Menstrual and Ovarian Cycles
Menstruation
Preovulatory Phase
Ovulation
Postovulatory Phase
Pituitary glands secretes FSH at end of
Menstural phase
stimulates an ovarian follicle to develop in right or left ovary:
FSH
Oviarn follicle that was stimulated by FSH sarts to develop, estrogen secreted from cells of the growing ovarian follicle
Preovulatory Phase
Egg is released from ovary, stimulated vy surge release of LH from pituitary gland; occurs on day 14
Ovulation
Ovarian follicle without egg is known as
corpus luteum
ovulated eggs live for
12-24 hours
Endrometrium prepares for possible implantation of embryo;
corpus luteum secrete estrogen and progesterone;
Posovulatory Phase
corpus leutum only lives for
12-14 days
the corpus luteum does not die and continues to produce hormones for when:
first 3 months of pregnancy
Embryonic cells secrete a hormone called hCG that prevents:
Corpus luteum from dying
blocks effects of progesterone
Abortion pill
Prevent release of FSH and LH from pititary gland
Birth Control