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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


A directional term meaning toward the head of a 4-legged animal. Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Toward the tail of a 4-legged animal. Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Toward the belly of a 4-legged animal. Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Toward the back of a 4-legged animal. Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) An imaginary line that runs the length of the spinal cord to the front of the brain. Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Toward the front. Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Toward the back. Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Toward the top. Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Toward the bottom. Chapter 2.


An imaginary line dividing half the body into two equal halves. Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Referring to structures on the same side of midline. (i.e. left arm and left leg.) Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Referring to structures on the opposite side of the midline. (i.e. left hand and right hand.) Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Toward the midline. (i.e. My heart is medial to my arms.) Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Away from the midline. (i.e. My ears are lateral to my nose.) Chapter 2.


(Directional Term) Close to the center, usually applied to limbs. Opposite of distal. (i.e. My shoulders are proximal relative to my elbows.) Chapter 2.


(Directional term) Farther away from one another,usually in reference to limbs. (i.e. My toes are distal relative to my knees.) Chapter 2.

Coronal/Frontal Section

An anatomical section dividing the brain front to back, parallel to the face. Chapter 2.

Sagittal Section

An anatomical section that is parallel to the midline. Chapter 2.

Midsagittal Section

A sagittal section that divides the brain into two approximately equal parts. Chapter 2.

Horizontal/Axial/Transverse Section

An anatomical section that divides the brain from top to bottom. (Probably most common referenced section.) Chapter 2.


The layer of membranes that cover the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nerves. Chapter 2.

Dura Mater

The outermost of the three layers of meninges; found in both the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Chapter 2.

Arachnoid Layer

The middle layer of the meninges covering the central nervous system (CNS). Chapter 2.

Pia Mater

The innermost the layers of the layers of meninges, found in both the CNS and the PNS. Chapter 2.

Subarachnoid Space

A space filled with cerebrospineen the fluid (CSF) that lies between the arachnoid and pia mater layers of the meninges in the CSN. Chapter 2.

Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)

The special plasma-like fluid circulating withing the ventricles of the brain, the central canal of the spinal cord, and the subarachnoid space. Chapter 2.


One of four hollow spaces within the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Chapter 2.

Choroid Plexus

The lining of the ventricles, which secretes the CSF. Chapter 2.

Central Canal

The small midline channel in the spinal cord that contains CSF.