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4 Cards in this Set

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structural isotopes

same molecular formula but diffentnt structures isomers come from the positions of function groups and arrangement of carbon chain

homologous seris

a series of organic compounds with same function group but different number of CH2 e.g. alkanes alkenes alchols halogenalkanes

functional groups

group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions of a compound




alkane c-c


alkene c=c


alcohol -OH


halogenalkane -i -f -cl -br


aldyhde c=o ----- al


keton


carboxylic adic c=oH



genural formula

alkane: CnH2n+2


alkene: CnH2n


alcohol: CnH2n+1OH


cycloalkane: CnH2n


cycloalkene: CnH2n-2


haloalkane : CnH2n+1X