• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

84 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What manual covers Army leadership and counseling?
FM 6-22
What is military leadership?
The ability to influence others in such a manner as to accomplish a mission in a timely manner.
What is tact?
A keen sense of what to say and do in order to maintain good relations with others and to avoid offense.
Describe discipline.
An attitude of an individual or group that promptly obeys orders or takes appropriate action in the absence of orders.
Describe motivation.
The ability to make people want to do what you know must be done.
Describe supervision.
Controlling a situation and ensuring a task or mission is done properly.
What are the four indicators of good leadership?
Morale, discipline, esprit de corps and proficiency.
Define leadership.
Leadership is influencing people - by providing purpose, direction and motivation - while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization.
What are the three basic needs of professional, self-motivated soldiers?
Job security, promotion, approval of peers and superiors.
What are the two barriers of communications?
Psychological and physical.
Who is responsible for the training and basic soldiering of troops?
The NCO.
How many human needs are there?
What are the four human needs?
Physical, security, social and spiritual (higher).
What are the four elements of leadership?
The leader, the follower, the situation and communication.
Which human need is most important?
They all have the same importance.
What is proficiency?
The technical, tactical and physical ability of a unit to accomplish a mission.
What are the five styles of leadership?
Directing, participating, delegating, transformational and transactional.
What are the three levels of leadership?
They are direct, organizational, and strategic.
Give an example of direct leadership.
It is face-to-face, first-line leadership where soldiers see their leaders all the time.
Give an example of organizational leadership.
It is primarily indirect leadership executed through staffs and subordinate commanders.
What is technical proficiency?
Knowing how to successfully perform and teach your job or mission.
What is tactical proficiency?
Knowing how to successfully employ your equipment and personnel during a mission.
What is a principle?
A guideline for a person's conduct or actions.
How many principles of Army leadership are there?
Name four leadership principles.
- Know yourself and seek self-improvement.
- Be technically and tactically proficient.
- Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions.
- Make sound and timely decisions.
- Set the example.
- Know your soldiers and look out for their well-being.
- Keep your subordinates informed.
- Develop a sense of responsibility in your subordinates
- Ensure the task is understood, supervised and accomplished.
- Build the team
- Employ your unit in accordance with its capabilities.
Does a commander have to have an open door policy?
What is a belief?
Something a person holds as being true - whether it is about a person, an idea or a thing.
Describe the meaning of values.
An attitude about the relative worth of importance of people, jobs, ideas or things.
What are norms?
Standards of behavior or laws shared by members of a group in order to live together.
What are the two categories of norms?
Formal and informal.
What is a formal norm?
A written or spoken law.
What is an example of a formal norm?
UCMJ, traffic laws, SOPs.
What is the meaning of informal norm?
A rule that isn't written down or expressed, but usually followed by a group. For example, soldiers not leaving their wounded buddies without aid.
Describe the meaning of ethics.
Ethics are principles or standards that guide professionals to do the moral or right thing.
What is the acronym for the Army Values?
What are the Army Values according to FM 6-22?
Loyalty, duty, respect, selfless service, honor, integrity, personal courage.
What is military authority?
The legitimate power to direct subordinates to take action.
What are attributes?
Attributes are a person's fundamental quality and characteristics.
What is command authority?
The power a person exercises over others as a result of grade or assignment.
What are the three attributes of an Army leader?
Mental, physical and emotional.
Name some of the mental attributes of a leader.
Will, self-discipline, initiative, judgement, self-confidence, intelligence, and cultural awareness.
What is communication?
The exchange or flow of information between two or more persons.
What are the parts of communication?
Sending and receiving.
What should the receiver of a message or communications return to the sender or transmitter?
What are the three important parts in the exchange of communications?
Message, content and context.
What is the cause of most problems in leadership?
Which communication barrier is harder to overcome, psychological or physical?
What other building was struck by al-Qaeda on 9/11?
The Pentagon.
Describe some physical barriers to communication.
Noise, distance, attention distractors.
Describe the differences between a duty and task.
Tasks are the specific things done to accomplish the duty -- which is a general guideline of what is expected of soldiers.
What are the seven steps to problem solving?
1. Identify the problem.
2. Identify facts and assumptions.
3. Generate alternatives.
4. Analyze alternatives.
5. Compare alternatives.
6. Make and execute your decision.
7. Assess the results, and adjust your plan if necessary.
Describe the four steps of ethical reasoning.
1. Define the ethical problem or dilemma.
2. Gather the facts, know the relevant rules.
3. Develop and evaluate a course of action.
4. Choose a solution that best represents Army values.
What are the four categories of the Army Leadership Framework?
Values, attributes, skills, and actions.
What basically develops leadership?
Experience, environment and learning.
Describe three things that affect a unit's morale.
Military justice, chow, mail, supply, billets.
Describe the meaning of cohesion.
A bond between soldiers made of respect, trust, confidence and understanding.
What are the fundamental skills a leader must know, according to the BE-KNOW-DO framework?
They are interpersonal skills, conceptual skills, technical skills, and tactical skills.
On what date was the World Trade Center of New York attacked by al-Qaeda?
Tuesday, 11 September 2001.
Give an example of strategic leadership.
A strategic leader may be a theater commander in chief (CINC) or a division commander. They are responsible for organizations that influence several thousand to hunders of thousands of people.
Describe initiative.
It is the ability to be a self-starter, to do something without being told, to recognize a solution or opportunity and use it to accomplish the mission.
According to FM 6-22, what two interacting sets of characteristics make up character?
Values and attributes.
How many aircraft were hijacked by al-Qaeda on 9/11?
Four aircraft. Two flew into the World Trade Center, one flew into the Pentagon, one crashed into a field in Shanksville, Somerset County, Pennsylvania.
On what date did the U.S. invade Afghanistan beginning Operation Enduring Freedom?
Sunday 07 OCtober 2001.
On what date did the U.S. invade Iraq, thus beginning Operation Iraqi Freedom?
Wednesday, 19 March 2003.
Will the study of human behavior make a better leader of a person?
What is leadership assessment?
Analysis of your strong and weak leadership traits and improving on them.
What should a leader do before making changes in a new command?
Observe the soldiers and how they operate, talk with the outgoing leaders about subordinates and the job, review the organization's SOP and regulations, identify the key people inside and outside the unit, look at your own leadership.
Describe some elements of active listening?
Active elements include eye contact, body position, head nods, facial expressions, and verbal expressions.
What is DA Form 4856-E called?
The Developmental Counseling Form.
What Army manual covers counseling?
FM 6-22, appendix B.
What are the three approaches to counseling?
Directive, non-directive and combined.
What are the two major categories of counseling?
They are event-oriented and performance/professional growth.
Are leaders required to counsel soldiers?
Yes. The leader who neglects counseling his subordinates is negligent in his duty.
What is developmental counseling?
Developmental counseling is a plan for soldiers to use to achieve individual and organizational goals.
What are the four stages of the counseling process?
Identify the need for counseling, prepare for counseling, conduct counseling, and follow up.
What are some types of professional counseling?
Promotion Counseling
Reenlistment Counseling
Should written counseling records be kept?
Yes, whenever the counseling is considered to be formal or of an important matter.
Should a leader make decisions for a subordinate regarding personal problems?
No. A leader should make suggestions or recommendations, and tell the troop about available options to resolve a personal problem.
What is required for successful counseling?
- Effective communications. When two people are able to talk to each other without interruption and with honesty, then you have effective communication.
- Make the person feel comfortable and at ease.
- Listen to the person
- Don't put the person down. Don't tell the person his or her problem is common -- or no big deal.
- Guarantee the counselee that all sessions will be kept confidential.
What is active listening?
It involves concentration on what a person is saying, and letting that person know that he or she is being heard and understood.
What is a "reflective statement"?
A phrase that restates what the person just said.
Give some examples of reflective statements.
So, what you're saying is...
In other words, you're saying...
It sounds like...
You believe...
What are some basic skills of counseling?
- Listening and watching.
- Responding
What are some things to watch for when counseling?
Eye contact, posture, facial expressions, distractive behavior like drumming on the table, looking around.