• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is Self Aid?

Emergency treatment one applies to oneself

Question #2:Name some items that you might use as a splint from your military equipment

BayonetRifleEntrenching toolTent poles and stakesWeb belt

What is the quickest way to splint a broken leg?

Tie the broken leg securely to the unbroken leg

How many pressure points, which can be used to control bleeding with fingers, thumbsor hands are there on the human body?

11(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-19 / PDF 46)

What is the object of first aid?

To stop bleeding

Overcome shock

Relieve pain

Prevent infection

What FM covers first aid for soldiers?

FM 4-25.11

What is First Aid?

It is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personnel can be madeavailable

What is the unique feature of type "O" blood?

It is a universal donor

When would you not remove a casualties clothing to expose a wound?

If in a chemical environment or if the clothing is stuck to the wound

What soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?

Soldiers not accustomed to the heat, overweight soldiers, prior heat casualties, andsoldiers already dehydrated due to alcohol use, diarrhea, or lack of water (insufficientuse of)

How high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding?

2 to 4 inches

What are the lifesaving steps? (The ABC's of medical treatment)

Open the airway and restore breathingStop the bleeding / Protect the woundPrevent shock(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-1 / PDF 23)

When applying splint, where should the bandages be tied?

The bandages should be tied with knots against the splint

Whose first aid dressing should be used on a casualty?

Use the casualty’s field dressing.(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-16 / PDF 42)

How should the ends of an improved pressure dressing be tied?

Tie the ends together in a nonslip knot, directly over the wound site. DO NOT tie sotightly that it has a tourniquet-like effect.(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-18 / PDF 45)

What is manual pressure?

If bleeding continues after applying the sterile field dressing, direct manual pressure maybe used to help control bleeding. Apply such pressure by placing a hand on the dressingand exerting firm pressure for 5 to 10 minutes. The casualty may be asked to do thishimself if he is conscious and can follow instructions.(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-17 / PDF 43)

Should a casualty be given water to drink?

He should not eat or drink

Why should you dress and bandage the wound as soon as possible?

To protect the wound from further contamination of germs, and also to control thebleeding

What should you do to indicate that a casualty has received a tourniquet?

Mark his or her forehead with a T and if possible, note the time of the application of thetourniquet(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-20 / PDF 51)

Should you ever remove or loosen a tourniquet?

No, only qualified medical personnel can do that(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-20 / PDF 51)

Where is a tourniquet applied?

Answer:Place the tourniquet around the limb, between the wound and the body trunk (or betweenthe wound and the heart). Never place it directly over a wound, a fracture, or joint.Tourniquets, for maximum effectiveness, should be placed on the upper arm or above theknee on the thigh.(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-20 / PDF 49)

How can you prevent athlete's foot?

wer:Keep your feet clean, use foot powder and change socks daily

Name 3 categories of heat injuries

Heat crampsHeat exhaustionHeat stroke(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 5-2 / PDF 113)

What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?

Cramping in the extremities (arms and legs)Abdominal Cramps (stomach)Excessive Sweating(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 5-2 / PDF 114)

What is the treatment for heat cramps?

Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available.Loosen his clothing (if not in a chemical environment)In a chemical environment, transport the heat casualty to a non-contaminated area assoon as the mission permits.Have him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water. (The body absorbs cool waterfaster than warm or cold water; therefore, cool water is preferred if it is available.)Seek medical assistance should cramps continue.

What are the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion?

Excessive sweating with pale, moist, cool skinHeadacheWeaknessDizzinessLoss of appetiteCrampingNausea (with or without vomiting)Urge to defecateChills (Gooseflesh)Rapid BreathingTingling of Hands/FeetConfusion(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 5-2 / PDF 114)

What would the treatment be for heat exhaustion?

Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available.Loosen or remove his clothing and boots (unless in a chemical environment); pourwater on him and fan him.Have him slowly drink at least one canteen of water.Elevate his legs.If possible, the casualty should not participate in strenuous activity for the remainderof the day.Monitor the casualty until the symptoms are gone, or medical assistance arrives.(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 5-2 / PDF 115)

What are the signs and symptoms of heat stroke?

Skin is red, hot and dryWeaknessDizzinessConfusionHeadachesSeizuresNauseaStomach pains or crampsRespiration and pulse may be rapid and weak.Unconsciousness and collapse may occur suddenly.(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 5-2 / PDF 116)

What would the treatment be for heat stroke?

Cool casualty immediately by—Moving him to a cool, shady area or improvising shade if none is available.Loosening or removing his clothing (except in a chemical environment).Spraying or pouring water on him; fanning him to permit the coolant effect ofevaporation.Massaging his extremities and skin, which increases the blood flow to those bodyareas, thus aiding the cooling process.Elevating his legs.Having him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water if he is conscious.Seek medical assistance immediately(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 5-2 / PDF 116)

If a casualty were suspected of having a neck/spinal injury or severe head trauma, whichmethod would you use for opening an airway?

The jaw thrust technique, because in most cases it can be done without extending theneck(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-3 / PDF 25)

What are two basic types of fractures?

Open (compound)Closed (simple)(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 1-6 / PDF 21)

What are some signs of an open fracture?

Bleeding.Bones sticking through the skin.Check for pulse.(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 1-6 / PDF 21)

What are some signs of a closed fracture?

Swelling.Discoloration.Deformity.Unusual body position.Check for pulse.(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 1-6 / PDF 21)

With an open fracture, what should you do first?

Stop the bleeding

What is the basic proven principle in splinting fractures?

Splint them where they lie"

How tight should tourniquet be?

Tightened until the bright red bleeding has stopped.

What are the three types of bleeding?

Arterial- Blood is bright red and will spurt with each heart beatVenous- Blood is dark red and flows in a steady streamCapillary- Blood oozes from the wound

Name 4 common points for checking pulse

Carotid- The side of the neckFemoral- The groinRadial- The wristPosterial Tibial- Ankle(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-19 / PDF 46)

What are some signs/symptoms of shock?

Clammy skin (cool, pale and damp)Restlessness and nervousnessThirstLoss of bloodConfusionFast breathingNausea or vomitingBlotched or bluish skin (especially around the mouth and lips)Often perspires freelyMay pass out

What is the treatment for shock?

“P.E.L.C.R.N.” (Pronounced Pell-Crin)Position the casualty on their backElevate the LegsLoosen clothing at neck waist or wherever it is bindingClimatize (prevent too hot or too cold)Reassure (keep the casualty calm)Notify medical personnel (Help, Get a medic!!)

What is a heat injury?

A loss of water and salt, loss of sweat while personnel work in the heat, a generaldehydration of the body

What is the greatest preventive measure for disease?


How do you stop bleeding?

Apply a field dressingManual pressureElevate the limbApply a pressure dressingDigital PressureApply a tourniquet

What is CPR?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, it is used to restore a heart beat

When can measures taken to restore breathing in an individual be discontinued?

When a doctor tells you to stopWhen others relieve youWhen you cannot physically continueWhen the casualty starts to breath on his own

What is AIDS?

AIDS is the end stage of the HIV infection. At this point, the virus has attacked andweakened a person's immune system

Name two types of rescue breathing

Mouth to mouthMouth to nose

What do the letters AIDS stand for?

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

When should a casualty not be placed in the shock position?

5 to 10 minutes

What should you do prior to leaving an unconscious casualty?

Turn their head to the side to prevent them from choking on their own vomit

When should a tourniquet be used to stop bleeding?

As a last resort when everything else has failed or when an arm or leg has been severedoff

What does COLD stand for?

It is a key word in cold weather protection, it stands for Keep it CLEAN, AvoidOVERHEATING, Wear it LOOSE and in layers and Keep it DRY

What are the 8 steps in evaluating a casualty?

Check for:ResponsivenessBreathingPulseBleedingShockFracturesBurnsPossible concussions (head injuries)

What is the first indication of frostbite?

Skin becomes numb and white particles/patches form on it

What do you do to treat frostbite?

Remove clothing from the affected area, warm with body heat, dress the area and seekadditional medical help

When should an airtight dressing be applied to a sucking chest wound?

As the individual breathes out(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 3-5 / PDF 61)

How should you position a casualty with an open abdominal wound?

On his back with his knees up to relieve abdominal pressure(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 3-7 / PDF 64)

What do you do with exposed abdominal organs?

Wrap them in dry clean material and place on top of the abdomen (never try to put themback in)(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 3-7 / PDF 65)

How do you take the Carotid pulse?

Carotid pulse. To check the carotid pulse, feel for a pulse on the side of the casualty’sneck closest to you. This is done by placing the tips of your first two fingers beside hisAdam’s apple.(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 1-3 / PDF 14)

In reference to carrying a casualty, what are the two-man methods?

Two-Man Support CarryTwo-Man Arms CarryTwo-Man Fore-and Aft-CarryFour-Hand Seat CarryTwo-Hand Seat Carry(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / B-8 / PDF 191)

In reference to carrying a casualty, what are the one-man methods?

Fireman's carrySupporting carryArms CarrySaddleback carryPack-strap carryPistol belt carryPistol belt dragNeck dragLBE Carry Using Bearers LBELBE Carry UsingCasualty’s LBECradle Drop Drag(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / B-8 / PDF 191)

Should you put any medication or cream on a burn?

No(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 3-9 / PDF 71)

Name the four types of burns

ThermalElectricalChemicalLaser(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 3-8 / PDF – 67)

What is the primary objective in the treatment of burns?

Lessen or prevent shock and infection

What are the three categories used in medical evacuation?

Urgent- within 2 hoursPriority- within 4 hoursRoutine- within 24 hours

What is the first aid procedure for a white phosphorous casualty?

Smother the flame by submerging the affected area in water or pack with mud. Thenremove the particles by brushing or picking them out(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 7-13 / PDF 168)

What is the first step in the first aid of a burn victim?

Smother the flame by submerging the affected area in water or pack with mud. Thenremove the particles by brushing or picking them out(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 7-13 / PDF 168)

What is the first step in the first aid of a burn victim?

Remove the casualty from the source of the burn(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 3-9 / PDF 68)

What are the 2 prescribed methods for opening an airway?

The jaw thrustHead tilt/chin lift methods(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 2-2 / PDF 23)

What is the major cause of tooth decay and gum disease?

Dental plaque

What are the 9 mild symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?

Unexplained runny noseUnexplained headacheSudden droolingDifficulty seeing (dimness of vision and miosis)Tightness in the chest or difficulty in breathingLocalized sweating and muscular twitching in the area of contaminated skinStomach crampsNauseaTachycardia followed by bradycardia (Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeatwth a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute. Bradycardia is a slow heart rate of lessthan 60 beats per minute)(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 7-7 / PDF 151)

What are the 11 severe symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?

Strange or confused behavior.Wheezing, dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), and coughing.Severely pinpointed pupils.Red eyes with tearing.Vomiting.Severe muscular twitching and general weakness.Involuntary urination and defecation.Convulsions.Unconsciousness.Respiratory failure.Bradycardia.(FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 7-7 / PDF 151)