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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
John Smith
John Smith became then new leader of the Virginia Colony in Jamestown on August 1609. He was able to help more colonists survive in the new land.
A colony founded by English colonists on 1607. Many men died at first because it was a horrible location for cultivating and the men prioritized searching for gold.
Joint Stock Company
A company that has features of a corporation and partnership. The company shares stocks, but shareholders have limited liability.
Indentured servant
A worker under an employer for a certain amount of years to work in return for transportation and other necessities. They traveled to the United States from the 16th to 17th century.
A significant group of English Protestants in the 16th century and 17th century. This religious group went from England to Holland to eventually America seeking for religious freedom. They made their own colony at Plymouth.
John Winthrop
A Puritan that obtained a charter from King Charles I for Massachusetts Bay Company.In 1630, he led Puritans to the New World and became the new governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company
King Phillips War
Also called Metacom's War. Conflict between the Native Americans and English colonists in 1675. King Phillip was the Native American that led the American side. After his death, the fight continued and a treaty was signed at Casco Bay on April 1678
The Headright System
A system that was used first in Jamestown,Virginia on 1918. It attracted immigrants to the New World because in return they would get a grant of land.
The Calverts
An English colonizer that wanted to create his own land in the New World.
Bacon's Rebellion
An uprising in the Virginia Colony on 1676. The rebellion was led by Nathaniel Rebellion and his purpose was to get rid of the Native Americans in Virgina. Bacon did not succeed but their Governor Berkley was recalled back to England
William Penn
William Penn founded Pennsylvania in 1682. He wanted to create a government that was godly but yet idealistic similar to utopianism. When he arrived to the new land, Penn had a good relation with the Native Americans and insisted that women have the same equal rights as men. His written constitution for Pennsylvania which limited the power of government, provided a humane penal code, and guaranteed many fundamental liberties.
Also known as the Religious Society of Friends, Quakers were religious organizations that had many Christian movements in the 17th century at England and Wales. The founder of Quakerism was George Fox and he was convinced it was possible to have direct relationship with God without a clergy.They made a congregation in the United States where they would worship.
An economic theory that holds that the prosperity of a nation is dependent of its supply of capital. It was exposed to the United States around 1500 to 1800 by their European counterpart. This theory was the belief that wealth was finite. If one nation got richer then another nation would get poorer.
Navigation Acts
The object of this act was to protect English shipping, and to secure a profit to the home country from the colonies.This act was passed and revised in 1651.
Roger Williams
Roger Williams was a Protestant that was a proponent of
religious freedom and the separation of church and state.
In 1636, Roger Williams started the Rhode Island and
Providence Plantations which was a refuge to religious
minorities. Also, Roger Williams was considerate of
Native Americans and wanted to treat them fairly unlike
the other Americans.
Anne Hutchinson
Anne Hutchinson was a settler and the unauthorized
minister of the dissident church discussion. She focused mostly on educating women about religion, but her bible
studies spread to men as well.
William Bradford
William Bradford was the governor of the Plymouth
Plantation. The Pilgrims were always a poor community
and focused more on religion than industrializing. He paid
off their final debts to England and were granted the legal
permission to live there.