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55 Cards in this Set

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a direct contrast of structurally parallel word groupings, generally for the purpose of contrast
ex. sing or swim
a break or pause in a line of poetry; may be introduced by a punctuation mark or may be a natural, rhetorical pause
a natural rhythm above and beyond a formal one; rhythmic movement in verse
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
dramatic monologue
a type of LYRIC POETRY in which a lengthy speech is given by a single person
elaborately formal lyric poem lamenting the death of a person, the decline of a situation, or reflecting seriously on a solemn subject
1) a long, verse narrative on a serious subject
2) told in a formal and elevated style,
3) centered on the heroic or quasi-divine figure on whose actions depends the fate of a nation
4) the central character usually embodies the values of a particular society
5) usually telling of heroic deeds,events, or historic importance, or religious or mythological object
a brief, witty, pointed comment; often a brief poem
a form of words in verse or prose suited for inscription on a tomb
an adjectival phrase used to set apart and describe a person, place, thing or event
figurative language
language employing figures of speech (such as simile, metaphor, etc.); language that makes comparisons or associations meant to be interpreted imaginatively, not literally
figure of speech
use or arrangement of words for special effects; any way of saying something other than the ordinary way; describes one thing in terms of something else
metrical division, usually consisting of one accented syllable and all unaccented syllables associated with it; the number or feet in a line are used to determine the meter

unstressed stressed

U /
stressed unstressed

/ U
unstressed unstressed stressed

U U /
stressed unstressed unstressed

/ U U
stressed stressed

/ /
unstressed unstressed

free verse
poetry without standard meter or rhyme, but rhythmical arrangement or lines for effect
heroic couplet
a (rhyming) couplet written in iambic pentameter
words or phrases that uses description to create pictures or images in the reader's mind; the representation through language of sense experience; WRITING THAT APPEALS TO THE SENSES
(3 kinds)
-verbal irony
-situational irony
-dramatic irony
verbal irony
saying one thing while meaning the opposite. its purpose is usually to criticize
situational irony
when a situation turns out differently from what one would normally expect- though often the twist is oddly appropriate
dramatic irony
when a character says or does something that has more or different meaning from what he thinks it means, though the audience and/or other characters do understand the full ramifications of the speech or action
the frequent repetition of a significant verbal phrase, set description, or complex of images within a single work, the recurrence of which supports a theme
lyric poetry
a fairly short poem, consisting of the utterance by a single speaker, typicaly in solitude, who expresses a state of mind or a process of perception, thought, and feelings
ex. SONNETS, elegies, odes, songs
metaphor (different kinds - 4)
implied metaphor
does not state one thing actually is some other thing
extended metaphor
a metaphor which is carred throughout a work or series of works
dead metaphor
a metaphor which is so commonpalce it has lost its impact
(8 types)
mock epic
approaching a trivial thing in the grand style of an epic
eight lines of verse, specifically the first eight lines of an ITALIAN SONNET
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story

ex. ballads, epic poetry, metrical romances
form of lyric poetry characterized by giving praise or showing appreciation
a brief introductory poem placed before a lengthy poem
a deliberately conventional poem expressing an urban poet's nostalgic image of the peace and simplicity of the life of shepherds and other rural folk in an idealized setting
(6 types
masculine rhyme
rhyming words which end on an accented syllable
feminine rhyme
rhyming words which end on an unaccented syllable
slant/imperfect/approximate rhyme
final sounds are close but not the same
internal rhyme
rhyme within a line of poetry
rhyme at the end of a line of verse
eye rhyme
words whose endings are spelled alike and in most instances were once pronounced alike, but have in the course of time acquired a different pronunciation
six lines of poetic verse, especially the last six lines of an ITALIAN SONNET
six-stanza poetic form plus a three-line envoy arranged in a specific pattern
lyric poem expressing one idea, with 14 lines of iambic pentameter and set rhyme scheme
Shakespearean/English sonnet
three quatrains followed by a couplet; written in iambic pentameter
Petrarchan/Italian sonnet
an octave followed by a sestet; written in iambic pentameter
Spenserian stanza
a nine line stanza or poem in which the first eight lines are in iambic pentameter and the last is iambic hexameter, rhyming abab bcbc c
a stanza of poetry with three lines
the writer or speaker's attitude toward the subject, the audience, or himself; the emotional coloring or meaning of the work
French poetic form; two rhymes and six stanzas in a set pattern