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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


The study of how humans divide up the earth


A political unit that has sovereignty over a particular piece of land


A large group of people linked by a similar culture, language, and history

Nation state

A state that rules over a single nation

Ex: Japan Denmark

Not ex: Iraq


The cultural aspects of a group of people


The biological heritage of a group of people


Something ask Keira


Human made inventions to separate areas on the earth

Super imposed boundaries

Back (Definition)

Conference of Berlin (1884)

Colonial powers of Europe superimposed boundaries in Africa and set up the devastating "Scramble for Africa "

Boundary disputes

Disagreements over boundary placement and location. Often results in violent ethnic and/or religious conflict

Ex: Israeli/ Palestinian conflict


Breaking up an area into smaller independent units- often involves violence

Ex: Yugoslavia


The opposite of Balkanization. The adding of territory to an already existing state

Ex: Alaska

International law of the sea

1. A country cannot sail its ships within 12 miles of another countries coast

2. All countries have the right to explore for resources (oil, etc. ) up to 200 miles of their coast

Global commons

Areas where no country has any right to search for natural resources

Ex: Antarctica


When one nation establishes control over another nation


The idea and attitudes that drive colonialism

Organic theory

A country behaves like an organism; in order to survive the state needs nourishment or new territory in order to survive

Self determination

The power of people to establish their own government however they want to


The transition from an authorization regime (dictatorship) to democracy (voting)

Micro state

A state that is small in area and population

Country shapes

A. Compact - outlined picture of Uruguay

B. Fragmented- outlined picture of Malaysia

C. Elongated- outlined picture of chile

D. Prorupted- outlined picture of Thailand

E. Perforated- outlined picture of South Africa


Redrawing the boundaries of a voting district


The tendency of businesses, technologies and philosophies to spread throughout the world


The official residence and offices of a country's ambassador

Buffer state

A relatively small country sandwiched between two larger powers. They may often help to prevent dangerous conflicts between the powerful countries

Ex: Mongolia

The heartland theory

Rimland theory

Domino theory

Centrifugal forces

Centripetal forces


Back (Definition)


Back (Definition)

Devolution su

Back (Definition)

Supranational organizations 🌟

Back (Definition)