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35 Cards in this Set

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Geopolitics

The study of how humans divide up the earth

State

A political unit that has sovereignty over a particular piece of land

Nation

A large group of people linked by a similar culture, language, and history

Nation state

A state that rules over a single nation



Ex: Japan Denmark


Not ex: Iraq

Ethnicity

The cultural aspects of a group of people

Race

The biological heritage of a group of people

Sovereignty

Something ask Keira

Boundaries

Human made inventions to separate areas on the earth

Super imposed boundaries

Back (Definition)

Conference of Berlin (1884)

Colonial powers of Europe superimposed boundaries in Africa and set up the devastating "Scramble for Africa "

Boundary disputes

Disagreements over boundary placement and location. Often results in violent ethnic and/or religious conflict


Ex: Israeli/ Palestinian conflict


Balkanization

Breaking up an area into smaller independent units- often involves violence



Ex: Yugoslavia

Annexation

The opposite of Balkanization. The adding of territory to an already existing state



Ex: Alaska

International law of the sea

1. A country cannot sail its ships within 12 miles of another countries coast


2. All countries have the right to explore for resources (oil, etc. ) up to 200 miles of their coast

Global commons

Areas where no country has any right to search for natural resources



Ex: Antarctica

Colonialism

When one nation establishes control over another nation

Imperialism

The idea and attitudes that drive colonialism

Organic theory

A country behaves like an organism; in order to survive the state needs nourishment or new territory in order to survive

Self determination

The power of people to establish their own government however they want to

Democratization

The transition from an authorization regime (dictatorship) to democracy (voting)

Micro state

A state that is small in area and population

Country shapes

A. Compact - outlined picture of Uruguay


B. Fragmented- outlined picture of Malaysia


C. Elongated- outlined picture of chile


D. Prorupted- outlined picture of Thailand


E. Perforated- outlined picture of South Africa

Gerrymandering

Redrawing the boundaries of a voting district

Globalization

The tendency of businesses, technologies and philosophies to spread throughout the world

Embassy

The official residence and offices of a country's ambassador

Buffer state

A relatively small country sandwiched between two larger powers. They may often help to prevent dangerous conflicts between the powerful countries


Ex: Mongolia

The heartland theory

Rimland theory

Domino theory

Centrifugal forces

Centripetal forces

Nationalism

Back (Definition)

Nationalism

Back (Definition)

Devolution su

Back (Definition)

Supranational organizations 🌟

Back (Definition)