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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Lumbar vertebrae
The five vertebrae of the lumbar region of the vertebral column, commonly called the small of the back.
Bony protective encasement of the brain and the organs of hearing and equilibrium; includes cranial and facial bones.
Calcaneal tendon
Tendon that attaches the calf muscles to the heelbone (calcaneus); also called the Achilles tendon.
Fibrous membranes at the angles of cranial bones that accommodate brain growth in the fetus and infant.
A pit
Pectoral (shoulder) girdle
Bones that attach the upper limbs to the axial skeleton; includes the clavicle and scapula.
Pelvic girdle (hip girdle)
Consists of the paired coxal bones that attach the lower limbs to the axial skeleton.
Achilles tendon
Tendon that attaches the calf muscles to the heelbone (calcaneus). See Calcaneal tendon.
That portion of the body trunk above the diaphragm and below the neck.
Branch of a nerve, artery, vein, or bone.
Cervical vertebrae
The seven vertebrae of the vertebral column located in the neck.
Vertebral column (spine)
Formed of a number of individual bones called vertebrae and two composite bones (sacrum and coccyx).
(1) A thin layer or flat plate; (2) the portion of a vertebra between the transverse process and the spinous process.
External opening of a canal.
Intervertebral discs
Discs of fibrocartilage between vertebrae.
Pertaining to the chest.
Thoracic cage (bony thorax)
Bones that form the framework of the thorax; includes sternum, ribs, and thoracic vertebrae.
Relating to the head, neck, and trunk; one of the two major divisions of the body.
Cranium (cranial bones)
(1) Mucous-membrane-lined, air-filled cavity in certain cranial bones; (2) dilated channel for the passage of blood or lymph.
(1) Basin-shaped bony structure composed of the pelvic girdle, sacrum, and coccyx; (2) funnel-shaped tube within the kidney continuous with the ureter.
Lower jawbone; U shaped, largest bone of the face.
Cuplike cavity on lateral surface of the hip bone that receives the femur.
abnormal lateral spinal curvature that occurs most often in the thoracic region, or "twisted disease"
dorsally exaggerated thoracic curvature, or "hunch back"
an accentuated lumbar curvature, or swayback
temporary lordosis
common in those carrying a "large load up front, " such as men with "potbellies" and pregnant women
Improper administration of CPR can force the floating ribs into the liver.

The floating ribs are nowhere near the area where CPR compressions are performed. The xyphoid process of the sternum is more likely to be forced into the liver, instead of the floating ribs, because CPR is performed on the anterior part of the chest and the floating ribs are on the posterior of the trunk.
The radius and the ulna form the skeleton of the forearm, also called the antebrachium.
os coxae
The os coxae is formed by the fusion of three bones: the ilium, ischium, and pubis.
anulus fibrosus
This disc insulates between vertebrae and serves as shock absorber during movement.
linea aspera
The linea aspera runs the midline of the posterior femur. It serves as an attachment for many of the thigh muscles.