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31 Cards in this Set

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What effect do antibiotics have on the lymph system?

Antibiotics compromise the immune system by not allowing the lymph nodes to make antibodies and build immunity to bacteria.

How can you tell if someone's lymphatic system is weak?

If skin on the inside arm is pressed and stays white for more then two seconds.

If someone's lymph flow tests weak, how will that affect the body?
More prone to infection and fever. Won't heal as quickly and is more prone to cellulite.
What is the function of hydrogen bonds in the cells?
Maintain shape of the protein molecule. They work as an electrical attraction between the chemicals of the cells.

What receives impulses from other neurons and responsible for depositing melanin granules onto the nucleus of cells?

Dendrites.

What is the most important function of the white blood cells?
Destroying disease causing germs.

What are the names of the main blood vessels that carry blood from the head, face and neck to the heart for cleansing?

Internal and external jugular.

Which system of the body coordinates all other systems of the body?
Nervous system.
What are the functions of the sensory nerves of the body?
They carry impulses from the sense organs to the brain. Heat, cold, touch, pressure and pain.

What is the name of the structure that manufactures enzymes in who h break apart large molecules entering the cell.

Lysosomes.

What are the components of blood?

Red blood cells, White blood cells,Hemoglobin, Platelets and Plasma.

Which component of the blood carries oxygen to the body cells?

Hemoglobin.

How is the blood in the veins different than the blood in the arteries?
Veins- carry blood that contains carbon dioxide waste products back to the heart for cleansing.

Arteries- carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the capillaries.

What is the main function of plasma?

Carries food and secretions to the cells and takes carbon dioxide away from cells.

What is the main function of the platelets?

Contribute to blood clotting.

What is metabolism?

Chemical process of providing cells with nourishment.

Describe the difference between anabolism and catabolism.

Anabolism- process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones.



Catabolism- process of breaking down cells into small ones.

List the 11 body systems.
Circulatory, Digestive, Endocrine, Excretory, Integumentary, lymphatic, Muscular, Nervous, Reproductive, Respiratory, Skeletal

Describe healthy skin.

Slightly moist, soft, smooth and slightly acidic.

Two main divisions of the skin.

Epidermis and Dermis.

List the five layers of the epidermis?

Stratum Corneum,


Stratum Lucidum,


Stratum Granulosum,


Stratum Spinosum,


Basal Layer

Which epidermis layer consists of small transparent cells?

Stratum Lucidum.

Which layer is responsible for its growth and reproduction?

Basal Layer.

What is another name for the Stratum Germinativum?

Basal layer, formally the Stratum Mucosum.

Which layer produces intercellular lipids?

Stratum Granulosum.

Which layer is made up of keratinocytes?

Stratum Corneum.

Which nerve affects the front and sides of the neck? How far down does it extend?

Cervical nerve, to the breast bone.

What does the infrateochlear nerve do?

Affects the membrane and skin of the nose.

Which nerve is associated with the fingers?

Digital nerve.

The cheeks are affected by what nerve?

Zygomatic nerve.

Which is the chief motor nerve of the face?

Seventh cranial nerve.