• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Definition of Anatomy and the clues its provides to us
Study of internal and external structures and the physical relationships between parts.

Provides clues about probably function. Structure leads to function
Kinds of anatomy we will discuss
Gross anatomy (macroscopic anatomy--seen by the naked eye)
Radiological anatomy or histological anatomy
Clinical anatomy
Anatomic position
Exactly the way something would lie in the body

i.e. the heart in anatomical position

standing erect, head, eyes, and toes facing forward, upper limbs by the side with palms facing forward and fingers together
Clinical Correlate for anatomical position of stomach
Stomach contacts liver, spleen, and pancreas

Splenic artery lies posteriorly to stomach--ulcers in the posterior wall of stomach can eat through stomach and splenic artery
What are surface features and why are they important
Surface features are features on the surface of the body that clue us in to where certain internal organs or significant anatomical features occur.

Helps you to be a better diagnostician--sternal angle is the most important--where 2nd rib articulates with sternum
Langer Lines
The orientation of bundles of collagen fibers in the skin

Important in cosmetic surgery--cutting parallel to these lines limits scarring and promotes wound healing--perpendicular cuts put tension on wound and diminish healing
What are the different anatomical planes
Sagittal plane--from head to toe along the median plane

Transverse plane--horizontal plane parallel to the floor

Coronal plane--head to toe, splitting the body into belly and back--rarely used except for brain
Right vs Left clinical correlate
Left and right recurrent laryngeal nerves exist. Aortic aneurism may cause impingement of the L. recurrent laryngeal nerve leading to a hoarse voice
Superior vs Inferior clinical correlate
A hiatal hernia--when the stomach protrudes superiorly through the diaphragm causing an esophageal hiatus--leads to intense heartburn and acid reflux
Ipsilateral vs Contralateral
Ipsilateral is on the same side--right arm/right leg

Contraleteral is on opposite sides--right arm/left leg
When can anterior/posterior be used interchangeably with superficial/deep
In anatomical position--when you turn the person around anterior becomes deep and posterior becomes superficial

Skin is always superficial
Terms of Movement
Movement always happens across and joint and works to bring two skeletal elements closer to one another
Flexion vs Extension
Flexion is a bending movement which decreases the angle between two skeletal elements

Extension is a return from a bent position and an increase in the angle between skeletal elements
ABduction vs ADduction
ABduct--to move further from median plane
ADduct--to move closer to median plane

Can work with hands--middle finger is median plane--fingers spread is abducting
Pronation vs Supination
Pronation--turns palms backwards from anatomical position or feet out

Supination--turns palms forward and feet in
Opposition vs Reposition
Opposition--bringing the thumb to touch any one of the digits

Reposition--bringing thumb back to original position
A movement combining flexion, extension, ADduction, and ABduction

Only in shoulder, hips, thumb