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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
βαίνω, -βήσομαι, -ἔβην, βέβηκα, BLANK, BLANK
walk, step, go; (perfect) stand (future and aorist only appears in compounds, future middle, aorist root aorist
ἀναβαίνω, ἀναβήσομαι, ἀνέβην, ἀναβέβηκα, BLANK, BLANK
go up (to speak in a public assembly), go upland (to make a journey); board (a ship), mount (a horse) ; what one boards indicated by preposition ἐπί or εἰς "ἐπί τήν ναῦν"
γιγνώσκω, γνώσομαι, ἔγνων, ἔγνωκα, ἔγνωσμαι, ἐγνώσθην
perceive, recognize, know (middle future, athematic root aorist- no aorist middle) can introduce indirect statement by ὅτι/ὡς + finite verb or participle + subject accusative
ἕκαστος, ἑκάστη, ἕκαστον
each (of many); (pl.) each (of several groups), all (considered singly)
ἕνεκα (prep.) + preceding gen.
for the sake of
Ζεύς, Διός, ὁ (voc Ζεῦ)
Zeus (dat. Διί, acc Δία)
θέᾱτρον, θεᾱ´τρου, τό
theater "place of viewing"
λέγω, ἐρῶ or λέξω, ἔλεξα or εἶπον, εἴρηκα, εἴρημαι or λέλεγμαι, ἐρρήθην or ἐλέχθην
say, speak (unaugmented 2nd aorist is εἰπ-, 2nd sg. Aor. imper. Act εἰπέ, unaugmented aorist passive is ῥηθ-) introduces two types of indirect statement: ὅτι/ὡς + finite verb or infinitive + subject accusative
λιμήν, λιμένος, ὁ
μήποτε (adv)
never, not ever
ναῦς, νεώς, ἡ
νή (affirmative particle)
by (+ name of god in Acc.) -strengthens an assenting statement "νή τόν Δία" "yes, by Zeus"
νομίζω, νομιῶ, ἐνόμισα, νενόμικα, νενόμισμαι, ἐνομίσθην
consider, think, believe (contracted future) introduces only indirect statement: infinitive + subject accusative
ὅτι (conj.)
that, because
οὔποτε (adv.)
never, not ever
πάνυ (adv.)
perfectly, very; by all means ; πάνυ γε "yes, by all means"
πῑ´πτω, πεσοῦμαι, ἔπεσον, πέπτωκα, BLANK, BLANK
fall (future is middle and contracted, 2nd aorist)
ἐκπῑ´πτω, ἐκπεσοῦμαι, ἐξέπεσον, ἐκπέπτωκα, BLANK, BLANK
be driven out, be banished (although active form [except for deponent future], serves as passive of ἐκβάλλω -to drive out )
πολῑτείᾱ, πολῑτείᾱς, ἡ
government, constitution, common-wealth
πολύς, πολλή, πολύ
much, many (often linked to other adjectives with και -"πολλά καί ἀγαθά βιβλία" many good books)
πολλάκις (adv)
πονηρός, πονηρᾱ´, πονηρόν
worthless, evil, base
προ- (prefix)
forward, on behalf of, before *Monosyllabic syllables do not drop final vowel when compounded with verb form beginning with vowel or diphthong- contraction optional
betray, give up (to an enemy), abandon
σωφροσύνη, σωφροσύνης, ἡ
prudence, self-control, moderation
φημί, φήσω, ἔφησα, BLANK, BLANK, BLANK
say yes, assert, affirm; when negated "say no, deny" (Only Active voice- conjugated like ἵστημι except: enclitic in present indicative active except 2nd sing. φῄς AND different 2nd sing for imperfect: ἔφησθα/ἔφης and imperative φάθι, instead of participle φᾱ´ς, φᾶςα, φάν, attic greek uses participle of φασκών, φασκοῦσα, φασκόν "say") only introduces indirect statement: infinitive + subject accusative
ὡς (conj.)
that (distinguish from ὡς introducing indirect statement with finite verb with ὡς introducing purpose clause