Why the U.S. Withdrew Its Forces from Vietnam in 1973 Essay

3247 Words 13 Pages
Why the U.S. Withdrew Its Forces from Vietnam in 1973

After an 8-year involvement in Vietnam, the US finally withdrew its forces from Vietnam to end one of the most controversial wars in American history, which had lasted from 1965-1973. This all started when, not long after the Second World War, and more recently the Cuban Missile Crisis, over which American and Russia, the world’s two superpowers, came frighteningly close to a nuclear war, a communist uprising saw tension with the capitalist regime in Vietnam escalating beyond the control of the Geneva Agreement. At this point, the Americans were in a difficult position as Ngo Dinh Diem, South Vietnamese PM, although supported by the USA due to
…show more content…
The US forces were accustomed to fighting in a conventional way, as they had done on the battlefields of Europe during the Second World War, and had recently been trained for a westwardly advancing Russian Army. Therefore they would struggle hugely on the unpredictable Vietnamese terrain, which consisted of deep valleys, mountains, sharp ridges and an impenetrable jungle canopy. The climate only worsened matters for the US troops as it rained continuously, turning the red earth to a sticky clay, and forcing the men to endure great strains as they shuffled through ankle-deep mud. There were treacherous water plains, swamps and mud flats, all of which the soldiers had to fight through, as well as their enemies. The struggle through the heat and rain was unbearable for the troops, who were drenched with sweat and attacked by insects and leeches as they padded through the flooded paddy fields. The Americans could not operate their machinery, and therefore the technological advantage held by the Americans was eliminated from the equation. The Guerrilla tactics of the VC, however, were very well suited to the landscape as they could use the cover provided to pick off US troops through ambushes, booby traps and skirmishes, and the local knowledge that they possessed allowed them to secure the main vantage points. It was also difficult for Americans to identify their enemies as the

Related Documents