Essay about US Foreign and Defence Policies

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US Foreign and Defence Policies
Within America, there has long been a tension between those who describe themselves as realists or idealists - a tension that suggests a stark choice between the narrow pursuit of interests or an endless campaign to impose our values… I reject this choice.
President Barack Obama, Nobel Peace Prize Remarks, 10 December 2009

Since the end of the Cold War, U.S. grand strategy has revolved around maintaining this country's overwhelming military, economic, and political preponderance. However America is changing, President Barack Obama is shifting American foreign policy from its historical norms based on exceptionalism, isolation, and bipartisanship. President Obama has asserted; that the United States
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Thus its interests are more important and they are better prepared to lead the world, even if they must bypassing or ignore international organization and opinions of allies. This was evident throughout modern American presidential administrations; Ronald Regan’s bombing of Libya, to a lesser degree Bill Clinton, and most recently George W. Bush’s administration and the key themes of the Bush doctrine; spread democracy around the world, unilaterally action in necessary, and a willingness to pursue US military interests. Conversely we see a marked departure from the historically American exceptionalism of many other modern American administrations. President Obama foreign policy emphasizes negotiations, diplomacy vs. military action, cultural and historical sensitivities, and geopolitical partnership and less willingness to use military action. This is evident in his determination to explore the path of serious negotiations with Iran despite domestic (and some foreign) agitation and even some opposition within the second echelon of his team. Additionally Obama recognizes the predicament with Afghanistan and Pakistan and the need to develop a policy for gaining the support of Pakistan, not just in denying the Taliban a sanctuary in Pakistan but also in pressuring the Taliban in Afghanistan to accommodate. This shift does not completely

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